|Gunter, R B N
|Durrant, C M
|Weston, C G
|Kelly, K G
|Armitage, G J
|Durrant, H M L
|Hargreaves, J P
|Kirk, J C
|Wiggins, T A
|Harper, J W
|Alexander, H W
|Mason, T F
|Webster, A E
|March, E A
|Bygrave, E W
|Varley, N W
|Bowen, F J
|Crossley, J S
|Frost, A E
|Hodgson, F H
|Hood, W H
|Metcalfe, J C
|Scutt, T G
|Dawson, G W
|Durham, E F
|Precious, G R
|Wheelhouse Smith, W
|Swann, J W
|Burnsides, G A
|Kelly, H W
|Miles, J G
9th (Service) Battalion,
West Yorkshire Regiment
like forty young men from the Wetherby district took part in the landing at Suvla Bay, and about three quarters of those have
been previously reported killed, or are now recorded as having lost their lives, nothing having been heard of them since the
6th and 8th August last year. Many of their parents and relatives had been hoping against hope that some, if not all, were
in the hands of the Turks, and even now seem loth to accept the word of the Government that a full list of prisoners has been
A Newspaper Article Dated
The Dardanelles Campaign: An Introduction
The Dardanelles Campaign can still even today provoke controversy and heated debate as to why the campaign was fought
in the first instance. The origins of the Campaign date back to over a century before the outbreak of the Great War primarily
due to who had control over the vital sea route to Russia through the Dardanelles Straits. It was an appeal from Tsar Nicholas
of Russia that prompted allied interest in conducting an 'expedition' to Gallipoli however tensions between Britain
and Turkey had begun to escalate prior to the request from the Russians with hostilities formally commencing on the 31st October,
Originally conceived as a purely naval operation to force the Straits and open the
sea route to Russia, the Campaign eventually evolved into an amphibious landing on the Peninsula, the latter eventually evacuated
as a result of political 'wranglings' and 'in-fighting' amongst the Allies.
for one cannot possibly do justice to this complex subject during the course of this narrative of events relating to operations
of the 9th West Yorkshire Regiment during the Dardanelles Campaign. I therefore recommend two books that will provide the
reader with a greater understanding of the events that unfolded on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. In no particular order
of preference, Gallipoli by Alan Moorehead, published 1956 by Hamish Hamilton, London, and Defeat At Gallipoli
by Nigel Steel & Peter Hart, published 1994 by Macmillan, London.
Of The 32nd Infantry Brigade, 11th (Northern) Division
3 p.m. on the afternoon of the 31st June 1915, orders were received by the 32nd Infantry Brigade of the 11th (Northern) Division
to prepare for entrainment the following day. Orders dictated that the Brigade would depart in 8 half Battalion Trains, i.e.
all constituent units would form a First and Second Party, departing Milford Station at one and a half hours intervals. The
first parties would begin to entrain between the hours of 4.05 p.m - 11.35 p.m. on the 1st July, the Second, between the hours
of 7.05 a.m - 8.35 a.m. on the morning of the 2nd. Brigade Headquarters occupying the last train to leave and consisting of
the following personnel:
Brigadier-General Henry Haggard, Officer Commanding 32nd Infantry
Captain Betham Wilkins Shuttleworth, attached, 45th Sikhs, Brigade Major
Captain William Norman Town, Staff Captain, attached, West Riding Regiment
John Francis Mott, attached 6th Yorks & Lancs, Brigade Machine Gun Officer
Owen Leo Daly Gill, Officer Commanding No. 2 Signal Section, 11th Signal Company, Royal Engineers
Headquarters would consist therefore on embarkation of 5 officers, 22 Other Ranks, 15 Horses and 3 Four Wheeled Vehicles.
The Signal Section would comprise on embarkation of one officer, 26 Other Ranks, 8 Horses and one Four Wheeled Vehicle. N.B.
To Embark at a later date and attached to Headquarters were allocated a further 5 Other Ranks and 10 Horses.
Ca Ira! The 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment Depart Witley Camp
At Witley, the 1st Party of the 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment marched out of the Camp at 2.15
p.m. on the afternoon of the 1st July 1915 departing Milford Station at 3.50 p.m. Strength; 15 Officers, 3 Warrant Officers
and 460 Other Ranks. The party was also accompanied by 7 Four Wheeled Vehicles and 2 Two Wheeled Vehicles, destination, Alexandra
As this first party departed the Station, the 2nd Party proceeded to march
out of Camp at 3.45 p.m. departing the Station at 5.20 p.m. Strength, 15 Officers, 3 Warrant Officers and 467 Other Ranks.
This party would also be accompanied by transport consisting of 8 Four Wheeled and 2 Two Wheeled Vehicles.
In the early hours of the morning of the 2nd July, the 1st Party arrived at Alexandra Docks, Liverpool at 1.30 a.m
followed by the arrival of the 2nd Party at 3 a.m.
Embarkation of the 1st Party commenced
at 2.30 a.m. and at 4 a.m., the 2nd Party also commenced embarkation, both parties boarding the S.S. Aquitania, operated
before being commandeered as a Troop Ship by the Cunard Line, and built in 1913 by John Brown & Co. Ltd., Glasgow.
Similarly, the other respective units that constituted the Brigade had departed Witley Camp under
the same orders, the last train arriving at Liverpool about 6 p.m. on the evening of the 2nd July. In addition to the 32nd
Infantry Brigade aboard the Aquitania, the Brigade were also accompanied by 11th Division Headquarters, the 8th (Service)
Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers and the 5th (Service) Battalion, Dorsets, both battalions allocated to this voyage from
the 34th Infantry Brigade of the Division, and details of both the Divisional Army Service Corps and that of the 34th Field
Including the crew and attached personnel, the total number of souls aboard the
Aquitania numbered 6389 (Source, Brigade War Diary, T.N.A.,WO/95/4299).
Goodbye To Blighty!
the early hours of the morning of the 3rd July 1915, the Aquitania began to build up steam in preparation for departure.
It was at 3 a.m. that the four steam turbines that powered the ship began to rotate the propellers as the ship departed Alexandra
Docks, at 3 a.m. One can only imagine the heightened state and emotions of the men as the vessel proceeded out into the muddy
waters of the River Mersey. As the port of Liverpool slipped slowly by it must have been somewhat of an anti climax to the
men when the ship suddenly dropped anchor at the mouth of the Mersey to await a destroyer escort. Promptly at 1.30 p.m. the
destroyers arrived, vessels names unfortunately not recorded, and the Aquitania along with its escort set out into
the Irish Sea, a sea menaced by the threat of German U-Boat attacks.
As the ship adopted a 'zigzag' course in an attempt to combat the threat of attack by enemy submarine, it
was at 5.45 a.m. on the morning of the 4th July off the coast of the Scilly Isles that the Alarm resounded across the decks
as the men proceeded to their respective boat stations. It soon became apparent to the men that an enemy submarine had been
sighted and more fearfully the latter had managed to launch a torpedo. Luck however had prevailed and the latter most fortunately
missed the ship and passed about 12 feet from the stern. The Brigade War Diary records that the enemy torpedo 'missed'
due to a number of factors; the 'zigzag' course being maintained and the speed of the ship which was capable of maximum
of 24 knots (Service Speed, 23).
Their were however precautions in place should this exact situation
arise. Twelve machine-guns had been mounted on the ship, three either side of the Navigation Bridge and three also either
side of the After Bridge but it was found that no target could be acquired. This incident had though underlined the fact that
vigilance was of paramount importance and to further reinforce the defences of the ship 100 rifles were placed on the deck,
50 on the Forecastle and 50 on the Poop Deck, each section under the command of an officer.
As the Aquitania continued her voyage passing Gibraltar and entering
the Mediterranean Sea on the 6th, it was not until the 7th July that anything of note was recorded. Suddenly, at 4.45 a.m.
on the latter date, the Alarm was sounded once again and following their evacuation procedures the men proceeded to their
Boat Stations as those allocated to the machine-gun and rifle positions manned their posts to counter any threat. It soon
became apparent that the Alarm had been raised due to an enemy submarine being sighted.The submarine was surfaced and engaged
in the act of replenishing her fuel from a supply ship but was consequently out of range of the ships defences. So preoccupied
with re-supply, the enemy boat had no opportunity to attempt an engagement allowing the Aquitania to continue onwards
unmolested. Once again good fortune had prevailed in yet another encounter with the U-Boat threat that could have easily resulted
on the 8th July, finally at 7 a.m. on the morning of the 10th July 1915 the Aquitania arrived at her destination,
the island of Lemnos located in the Aegean Sea whereupon the ship sailed into Mudros Bay. The men however would have to wait
nearly twenty-four hours to commence disembarkation.
At 8 a.m. on the morning of the 11th July disembarkation commenced with the transports of each unit onboard ship
being given priority.
Six tows then came alongside
the Aquitania, each towing four boats capable of holding 30 men and pulled by a piquet boat. Four gangways were then
put into operation, two on either side of the ship as the 9th West Yorkshire's commenced their disembarkation at 9 a.m.
completing this task at 11.50 a.m., all units landing at the South Landing, Turks Head, Mudros Bay. A break was then
taken for a period of one hour from noon till 1 p.m. whereupon the six battalions that had landed proceeded to West Camp
on the island and bivouacked, the last tow departing the ship at 5 p.m. however a number of men forming fatigue parties were
|Schematic Of Landing Based On A Sketch Included In The 32nd Infantry Brigade War Diary
Whilst the men were preparing camp the last of the Brigades Baggage
Waggons were landed from the Aquitania at noon on the 12th July followed during the afternoon by the supplies. With
all necessary equipment and supplies landed, the ship was declared 'cleared' by 11 a.m. on the morning of the 13th
instant, the Brigade War Diary also recording that both units of the 34th Infantry Brigade, the 8th Northumberland Fusiliers
and the 5th Dorsets who had boarded the Aquitania at Liverpool, were now to be attached to the Brigade.
It was not until the 16th July that any event of any importance is recorded in
the Brigade or War Diaries. At 9.45 a.m. on this date the 32nd Infantry Brigade were inspected by the Commander of the IX
Army Corps, Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Stopford.
doubt this inspection was a precursor to an impending movement as at 9 p.m. on the evening of the 17th July orders were issued
to the Brigade for the 8th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers attached, to prepare for movement the following day.
At 6.30 a.m. on the morning of the 18th, the Northumberland Fusiliers departed
Lemnos in two destroyers, H.M.S. Grasshopper and Basilisk, both Beagle Class destroyers, bound
for Imbros. Their baggage with a Baggage Party assigned to it, boarded H.M.S. Osmanieh, the Battalion completing
this embarkation by noon. During the following day and adhering to the same timetable, the 5th Dorsets also departed Lemnos
in two destroyers, H.M.S. Raccoon and Mosquito, both Beagle Class destroyers, their Baggage Party being
transported to Imbros on board the S.S. Uganda. On the 20th, it was the turn of the 6th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment
who also departed the island according to the schedule on two destroyers, their Baggage Party travelling on the returning
Osmanieh. Authors note: Although not recorded in the Brigade War Diary, the War Diary of the 6th Yorkshire's
records these two ships as H.M.S. Harpy and H.M.S. Savage, both Beagle Class destroyers.
|HMS Mosquito. Copyright http://www.clydebuiltships.co.uk and http://www.clydesite.co.uk
On the 19th July, orders had been received by the 9th West Yorkshire's
to prepare for embarkation at 6.30 a.m. during the following morning however these were rescinded and the Battalion ordered
to 'Stand Fast' until further notice. It was at 5.15 p.m. on the evening of the 20th that further orders were issued
to prepare to move at short notice however the destination was not to be the island of Imbros but Cape Helles on the Peninsula
itself, these warning orders also being issued to the three battalions already at Imbros. One can only imagine the almost
'feverish' preparations being conducted by the Company Commanders of the battalions as orders were received, rescinded,
and of course, the interminable wait for definitive orders to commence a movement. For the West Yorkshire's at least,
the wait ended for the time being when orders were received at 6.20 p.m. on the evening of the 21st that stated that the anticipated
move to Cape Helles had been "suspended temporarily."
It was at 11.05 a.m. on the morning of the 22nd July that orders were finally received to prepare for embarkation
to Imbros at 1 p.m. During the afternoon embarkation by the Battalion, minus the Rear Party as recorded in the Brigade
War Diary, this terminology referring to the Battalions Baggage and associated party comprising of 1 officer and 50 Other
Ranks, was completed by 3 p.m. (chronology as recorded in the War Diary of the West Yorkshire's). The Battalion would
depart Lemnos in two parties, one part on board H.M.S. Mosquito, the second, on H.M.S. Racoon, both ships
being Beagle Class Destroyers. On completing disembarkation at 8 p.m. on the evening of the 22nd, the West Yorkshire's
then marched to "C" Area, Kephalos Camp, Imbros, where they proceeded to bivouac.
Between the hours of 2 p.m. and 11 p.m. on the 22nd, 32nd Brigade Headquarters,
8th West Riding Regiment and the 6th Yorks & Lancs accompanied by the Baggage Party of the 9th West Yorks also commenced
embarkation onto the ships H.M.S. Rowan, an Armed Boarding Steamer, and S.S. Uganda, arriving at Kephalos
Harbour, Imbros, at 6 a.m. on the morning of the 23rd July. Source: Brigade War Diary. Authors note: The War Diary of the
6th York & Lancaster's only records embarkation on the Uganda, the Diary of the 8th West Riding's records
no ship by name.
Kephalos Camp: Imbros
the men now safely ashore, the baggage was delayed. No doubt in preparation for this situation arising, the Brigade were allocated
one days landing rations with each man also carrying his own supply of 'Iron Rations,' consisting of such
food stuffs as preserved meat, usually Corned Beef ('Bully Beef'), cheese, hard biscuits and beverage items. In addition
to his food, each man had landed at Imbros with 120 rounds of S.A.A. (Small Arms Ammunition).
The Baggage Party of the 9th West Yorkshire's did not arrive until the
morning of the 23rd July with the remainder of the Brigade's arriving as late as the night of the 24th.
|Schematic Based On A Map From The 32nd Infantry Brigade War Diary: Positions Approximate.
It is at this juncture that the Author will now include a Nominal
Roll of Officers of the 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment who departed Liverpool on board the Aquitania:
Lieutenant-Colonel John O'Brien Minogue
Maximilian David Francis
Algernon Hubert Cathell
William Barras Hore
Thomas Francis Fraser
Eric Aldhelm Torlogh Dutton
Andre Mellard Pearkes
Alan Augustus Adams
Oswald Vernon Guy
Frank Ernest Gent
Richard Oswald Girling
Cecil Thomas Coyne
John Aldersley Craven Spencer
Martin Haddon Miles
Bertram Saxelbys Evers
Albert Bernard Gent
Adjutant Captain Alexander Geary-Smith
Lieutenant Alfred William Taylor
Medical Officer Lieutenant
N. Matthews (Possibly Newton Matthews, a native of New Zealand)
Father Thomas Joseph Rigby
As the Battalion settled into their new surroundings in "C"
Area, Kephalos Camp, the 11th (Northern) Division were inspected by the General Officer Commanding the Mediterranean Expeditionary
Force, Sir Ian Hamilton, at midday on the 24th July. Hamilton commented in his despatch published in the London Gazette on
Tuesday, the 4th January 1916 that "the spirit and physique of the 11th Division had impressed me very favourably".
War Diary of the 9th West Yorkshire's during the remainder of the month is sadly lacking in any detail other than the
remark, "nothing of importance." The 32nd Infantry Brigade War Diary however records that from the 25th
- 29th July, Battalion and Brigade training continued including the practising of night advances. Particular reference to
specific battalions are recorded on the 30th and the 31st when at 4 p.m. the 6th Yorkshire Regiment were training in the act
of embarkation and disembarkation from "Lighters" and the seizing of a covering position, the 8th West Riding's
and the 6th York & Lancaster Regiments performing the exercise at 4 p.m on the 31st respectively. As the month of August
dawned, from the 1st - 5th these exercises were repeated with an emphasis also now being placed on operations at night. What
the men had trained for was now about to come to fruition. The 11th (Northern) Division were now about to commence operations
on the Peninsula.
The Operation And Objectives
Operation Orders, as they are in general,
are quite lengthy. The commencement of the Dardanelles Campaign is well documented in a variety of sources, some of these
sources of a high quality. The following therefore is based on extracts from the Despatch of General Sir Ian Hamilton G.C.B.,
dated the 11th of December 1915 and published in the Second Supplement to the London Gazette dated the 4th of January 1916.
conduct of the operations which were to be based on Suvla Bay was entrusted to Lieutenant-General The Hon. Sir F. Stopford.
At his disposal was placed the 9th Army Corps, less the 13th Division and the 29th Brigade of the 10th Division.
We believed that the Turks were still unsuspicious about Suvla and that their only defences near that part of the coast were
a girdle of trenches round Lala Baba and a few unconnected lengths of fire trench on Hill 10 and on the hills forming the
northern arm of the bay. There was no wire. Inland a small work had been constructed on Yilghin Burnu (locally known as Chocolate
Hills), and a few guns had been placed upon these hills, as well as upon Ismail Oglu Tepe, whence they could be brought into
action either against the beaches of Suvla Bay or against any attempt from Anzac to break out northwards and attack Chunuk
Bair. The numbers of the enemy allotted for the defence of the Suvla and Ejelmer areas (including the troops in the Anafarta
villages, but exclusive of the general reserves in rear of the Sari Bair) were supposed to be under 4,000. Until the Turkish
version of these events is in our hands it is not possible to be certain of the accuracy of this estimate. All that can be
said at present is that my Intelligence Department were wonderfully exact in their figures as a rule and that, in the case
in question, events, the reports made by prisoners, etc., etc., seem to show that the forecast was correct.
for the landing of the 9th Corps at Suvla were worked out in minute detail by my General Headquarters Staff in collaboration
with the staff of Vice-Admiral de Robeck, and every precaution was taken to ensure that the destination of the troops was
kept secret up to the last moment. Whilst concentrated at the island of Imbros the spirit and physique of the 11th Division
had impressed me very favourably. They were to lead off the landing. From Imbros they were to be ferried over to the Peninsula
in destroyers and motor-lighters. Disembarkation was to begin at 10.30 p.m., half an hour later than the attack on the Turkish
outposts on the northern flank at Anzac, and I was sanguine enough to hope that the elaborate plan we had worked out would
enable three complete brigades of infantry to be set ashore by daylight. Originally it had been intended that all three brigades
should land on the beach immediately south of Nibrunesi Point, but in deference to the representations of the Corps Commander
I agreed, unfortunately, as it turned out, to one brigade being landed inside the bay.
The first task of the
9th Corps was to seize and hold the Chocolate and Ismail Oglu Hills, together with the high ground on the north and east of
Suvla Bay. If the landing went off smoothly, and if my information regarding the strength of the enemy were correct, I hoped
that these hills, with their guns, might be well in our possessation before daybreak. In that case I hoped, further, that
the first division which landed would be strong enough to picket and hold all the important heights within artillery range
of the bay, when General Stopford would be able to direct the remainder of his force, as it became available, through the
Anafartas to the east of the Sari Bair, where it should soon smash the mainspring of the Turkish opposition to Anzacs.
the 22nd July I issued secret instructions and tables showing the number of craft available for the 9th Corps commander, their
capacity, and the points whereat the troops could be disembarked; also what numbers of troops, animals, vehicles, and stores
could be landed simultaneously. The allocation of troops to the ships and boats was left to General Stopford's own discretion,
subject only to naval exigencies, otherwise the order of the disembarkation might not have tallied with the order of his operations.
Commemoration Under Construction