Wetherby War Memorial - The Great War 1914 - 1918

Private John Claude Metcalfe

Gunter, R B N
Durrant, C M
Weston, C G
Kelly, K G
Armitage, G J
Durrant, H M L
Hargreaves, J P
March, G
Dukes, W
Fowler, R
Westerman, H
Kirk, J C
Wiggins, T A
Telford, G
Harper, J W
Alexander, H W
Mason, T F
Wilkinson, W
Brown, C
Adkin, J
Barton, F
Hobman, A
Webster, A E
March, E A
Miller, G
Hannan, E
Utley, G
Walker, F
Bygrave, E W
Chapman, E
Varley, N W
Bowen, F J
Byrom, F
Backhouse, S
Dalby, M
Crossland, A
Crossley, J S
Dean, R
Frost, A E
Hodgson, F H
Holt, J
Hood, W H
Hill, W
Kitchen, T
Linfoot, E
Metcalfe, J C
Marsden, J
Pawson, W
Precious, G
Scutt, T G
Wiggins, J
Walker, E
Wood, A
Young, T
Pratt, W
Taylor, H
Dawson, G W
Lister, J
Binge, T
Atack, G
Durham, E F
Precious, G R
Wheelhouse Smith, W
Backhouse, H
Swann, J W
Burnsides, G A
Coles, W
Kelly, H W
Miles, J G
Tapsell, K

"B" Company, 18th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment (2nd Bradford "Pals")
Died, 31st August 1917, aged 28 years.

Cemetery: La Targette British Cemetery, Neuville-Saint-Vaast, Pas-de-Calais, Franc
Son of William and Rose Ann Metcalfe of River Cottage, Wetherby.
The Early Years
John Claude Metcalfe was born on the 4th October 1889 at Halifax to parents William, occupation, a Blacksmith, and Rose Ann Metcalfe (nee Ward). John was the second child of this union of marriage, Jenny Metcalfe his sister, being born at Colne, Lancashire, in 1887. The 1891 Census details record that at this juncture the family were residing in premises located at Number 2, Gladstone View, Southowram.
During the intervening years and after relocating to Horsforth near Leeds, a second son was born, Herbert, in 1897, the family now residing at premises located in Back Lane, Horsforth, a terrace of substantial stone built houses. The 1901 Census records that at this period William was still employed as a Blacksmith (Own Account), and that Jenny, only aged 13 years, had found employment as a Textile Dyer no doubt in one of a number of mills situated in the locality.
An analysis of the Electoral Registers for West Yorkshire indicate that the Metcalfe family relocated to Wetherby in the year 1906 originally residing in premises located at Kirk Deighton and then in North Street. By the following year, the family had moved to 'River Cottage,' a quaint house located on the bend of the River Wharfe next to the modern day Tennis and Squash Courts at the foot of Scott Lane.
Up on moving to the flourishing Yorkshire market town of Wetherby, for John it was an opportunity to display his sporting prowess. Joining the Wetherby Junior Football Club as a Left Half-Back, the Secretary being one Joseph Henry Clay, a Newspaper Reporter and resident of Victoria Street, the team played their games on land owned by George Gunter at Heuthwaite, off Walton Road. It is of interest to note the team as it was circa 1906-07, many of the young men ultimately serving in the Great War:-
Stanley Cooper Mellor (Army Cyclist Corps, 62nd Division)
Frank Musgrave
Bertie Arthur Wood (Arthur Wood, Captain & Goalkeeper, 5th West Yorkshire's?)
John Claud Metcalfe (Left Half-Back, 18th West Yorkshire's K.I.A.)
Percy Waterhouse
John Edwin Skirrow (Royal Navy)
Joseph Wiggins (9th West Yorkshire's K.I.A.)
Herbert Ridsdale
William Wharldall (Training Reserve & West Yorkshire's)
George Rothwell Ellis (9th West Yorkshire's)
Fred Tomlinson (5th Lincolns)
Sidney Ridsdale
Lawrence Flynn
Ellis Baxter?
Attracting the affections of a young lady, John married one Edith Wood aged 20 years, the daughter of George Wood, a Tanner of Victoria Street, Wetherby, on November 12th 1910 at Saint James Parish Church. Now employed as a Wood Turner at Westerman's Wood Mill, tragically, Edith died just a few months after their marriage, the cause of death unknown at present. John returned to reside with his parents at 'River Cottage' to continue his employment at the Mill no doubt with a heavy heart.
Upon the outbreak of the Great War and with many young men from Wetherby responding to their country's call, John enlisted in to the British Army in 1915.
As is so often the case, service documents relating to John's military service unfortunately did not survive the bombing of the archives located in London during the Second World War. Amongst Medal Rolls and other documents however, an entry regarding his military service is to be found recorded in the pages of the 'De Ruvigny's Roll Of Honour,' a subscription being apparently required to enter one's details as per 'The National Roll Of Honour.'
The aforementioned entry in 'De Ruvigny' states that John enlisted in to the ranks of the Yorkshire Hussars at York on the 23rd September 1915 however an analysis of serial numbers issued proves his allocation to the Hussars as inaccurate. Initially issued the number 3799, John was then re-numbered to 201568 (West Yorkshire Regiment), the latter number indicating a re-numbering sequence to a Territorial Battalion of the Regiment. Although commonly occuring in 1917, men issued this series of numbers also appear in the ranks of the 1/5th as early as mid 1916. The Medal Rolls record John as formerly serving with the 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment but amongst this allocation of numbers there may be also be found a number of men whose service was conducted with the 2/5th Battalion of the Regiment. It is plausible that initial service was conducted with the 2/5th before being posted to the 1/5th Battalion, the latter, who had been serving on the Western Front since April 1915. In conclusion, a possible enlistment scenario utilising what by the Author is deemed more 'plausible' information contained in the 'De Ruvigny' entry is as follows:-
Enlistment, York, circa Autumn/Winter 1915 under the auspices of the Derby Scheme (i.e. Voluntary Enlistment).
Placed on the Army Reserve and Mobilised in March 1916. (Authors note: It is of interest to note that the War Diary of the 2/5th West Yorkshire's records that on the 8th March 1916, "Drafts of Derby Recruits from ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRE arrived." This 'centre' possibly refers to the Regimental Depot located at York. Source: T.N.A. WO95/3081/1).
Posted overseas to the 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, June 1916. (Authors note: 94 Other Ranks joined on the 3rd June whilst the battalion were located at Vignacourt. On the 21st, 178 Other Ranks reported at Puchevillers, these men originating from the 1st Garrison Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment. On the 24th, 34 Other Ranks arrived at Puchevillers from Le Havre and finally on the 26th, 25 Other Ranks joined, these men originating from the 3rd Line Territorial Battalion(s)).
The strength of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's on the 26th June 1916 is recorded as 940 men of all ranks. It is no coincidence that the strength of the battalion was bolstered as the battalion, in division, were about to take their part in the opening day of the Battle of the Somme. Although in support to the attacks of both the 32nd and the 36th (Ulster) Division, the battalion would suffer numerous casualties even though being not directly involved in the attack. For a more detailed narrative of events of the 1st July 1916, the reader may wish to refer to the commemoration of Ernest Walker:-  

Private Ernest Walker

The Opening Day Of The Somme Offensive: The Aftermath

The 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, Commanding Officer Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Ernest Wood C.M.G., had gone into action on the 1st July with a fighting strength of 25 officers and 725 Other Ranks, a detachment of remaining officers and men under the command of Captain Donald Paly MacKay being sent to Bouzincourt to replace losses. The War Diary records that during the 1st July, the battalion suffered 3 officers wounded (Second-Lieutenants Bernard Ernest Ablitt, Bernard Edwin Brown and Reginald Frankland White) and in Other Ranks, 5 were killed and 53 wounded. An analysis of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission database now concludes that 12 men were actually killed on this date. Numbering amongst the wounded was one Private Fred Barton, 1451, of the Farm Cottages, Stockeld Park, who received a gun shot wound to his right shoulder and Harry Skelton, 1424, of Bank Street, nature of wounds received unknown.

(Authors note: The battalion were not effectively relieved until the afternoon of the 3rd July and therefore during the 1st/2nd July, to establish the exact dates for casualties proves to be problematic. Primarily, this is due to the actions of a small party under the command of Colonel Wood that had proceeded to the Schwaben Redoubt on the night of the 1st/2nd to ascertain the situation of the 36th (Ulster) Division. No doubt as a result of this operation, Major Frederick Charles Thompson was posted as missing, Lieutenant and Adjutant Rowland Telford Casebourne killed, dates of death recorded as the 2nd July. During the course of this day also, both Lieutenant James Leslie Jameson M.C. and  Second-Lieutenant Arthur Basil Lee were reported as wounded ( both officers subsequently recorded by C.W.G.C. as died on the 2nd July and now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial). In addition to the deaths of these officers, Second-Lieutenants Robert Edward Hopper, Andrew Daniel Clubb and Wilfrid Dresser? were wounded. In Other Ranks, the War Diary records that 3 men were killed and 50 wounded. Once again an analysis of the Commonwealth War Graves database now records that four men were either killed or died of wounds on this day.

In the days following the attack, the battalion furnished carrying and burial parties, Colonel Wood departing the battalion on the 3rd suffering from shell shock, command now devolving on Major Hugh Delabere Bousfield D.S.O. After a further 5 O/R's were wounded on the latter date, the battalion marched to billets located in Martinsart and after providing further parties for the burial of the dead, orders were received to proceed to Hedauville, south-west of Forceville, at 4.30 p.m. on the afternoon of the 5th. Despite being shelled whilst departing the village, no casualties were sustained, Second-Lieutenant Joseph Bell? and William Pallister remaining behind in their appointed roles as Town Major of Martinsart and officer in charge of the Divisional Dump respectively.

The Leipzig Salient (Granatloch)

The 1/5th West Yorkshire's now set about a programme reorganisation and training but the respite from the trenches was to be of a short duration as on the 6th, Major Bousfield accompanied by Captain Pierce Mandeville and the now Adjutant, Walter Hanson Freeman, made a reconnaissance of trenches to the north of Thiepval "with a view to attack." As a consequence of these orders, the battalion now moved from Hedauville at 10 a.m. on the morning of the 7th to Martinsart Wood and here they remained in this position until the evening. Orders then stipulated that they were to take over positions in the Authuille Defences from the 25th Division, these positions being reached in driving rain by 1 a.m. on the morning of the 8th. About one hour later, they were then ordered up into the line to support two companies of the 3rd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 25th Division, the remaining companies of the Worcester's being withdrawn from the line during the mid morning.

There was now about to commence a long association with one key feature of the Thiepval battlefield by the 49th (West Riding) Division. Referred to by the German Army as the Granatloch, the British, the Leipzig Salient, this position, encompassing a quarry, had been gained at a hard cost by the 97th Infantry Brigade, 32nd Division, on the 1st July. One of just a few tentative gains established in the German trench system at Thiepval, the position was exposed and vulnerable to counter-attacks. After numerous attempts to expand the position, it was on the 7th July that both the 1st and 3rd Battalion's of the Wiltshire Regiment managed to exploit a footing gained in the enemy's front line position in the Salient, the Hindenburg Stellung, this being duly consolidated but at a severe cost to both battalion's. The enemy were determined to take the position back and push out the defenders of the Granatloch at all costs, the position itself and it's environs, becoming a charnel house for both attacker and defender alike.

The Leipzig Salient itself, in part, was located on a reverse slope, not directly visible from the west and the British front line positions of the 1st July. The southern aspect however covered all approaches from the south, west and east and offered excellent fields of fire. Some distance to the east of the position and situated on high ground to the north of Ovillers was the German position known as the Nordwerk. This dominating position, well sited, also had excellent observation over Nab Valley and had proved to be the nemesis of both the attacks of the 70th Infantry Brigade, 8th Division, and that of the 14th Infantry Brigade, 32nd Division, on the 1st July.

Despite the foothold gained in the Salient, the enemy still had in their possession a number of commanding trenches and positions to the north and north east,  the Lemberg Stellung, Turken Stellung and the Hohenzollern Stellung, the latter containing a fortified redoubt complete with dug-outs and also sited on a reverse slope, the Wundt Werk. The defenders however did possess some good points of observation in the line, particularly in the length of Hindenburg Stellung wrested from the enemy by the Worcester's on the 7th July. Two saps had been established from this position, "H" and "K" Saps respectively, these, offering excellent observation over the complete German support and reserve positions from the garrisoned buildings of Mouquet Farm to the heavily defended village of Pozieres further to the east.

The Granatloch itself contained several large dug-outs constructed to a deep depth with numerous exits and entrances. Fitted with electricity and well stocked with provisions, the old enemy front line to the west also contained numerous dug-outs and saps extending outwards into the former No Man's Land. Communication with the Old British Front Line was established by utilising a Sap (Sanda Sap), constructed by the 17th Northumberland Fusiliers, Pioneers to the 32nd Division, prior to the commencement of the Somme offensive. The Sap however had been blown in at various points and needed urgent improvements so as to assist in the movement of men and materiel into the captured position. To this end the men set about not only the improvement of the Sap, but also the trench system that had been virtually destroyed in many areas. It was inevitable that casualties would be sustained but how many would no doubt exceed all expectations.             

The Leipzig Salient
Extract Of Ovillers, Edition 3A, Sheet 57D, S.E.4. Trenches Corrected To 1/9/16
Holding The Salient
In driving rain, at about 2 a.m. on the morning of the 8th July, the men of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's set forth from the Authuille Defences. "B" and "C" Companies remaining in the latter defence system whilst "A" and "D" Companies now prepared to enter the Salient and associated trenches. With Battalion Headquarters being established at Campbell's Post, the relief was completed at around 6 a.m. but not without incident, Second-Lieutenant William Charles Seagar Prest and 6 Other Ranks being wounded and 1 O/R unfortunately killed. In addition to the presence of the 1/5th, the 1/7th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment (Leeds Rifles), Officer Commanding Lieutenant-Colonel Albert Edward Kirk V.D., had also received orders to proceed to the line from their positions in Aveluy Wood along with 6 mortars of the Brigade attached. Tasked with the relief of the 8th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment also of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 25th Division, their relief was completed at about 6 a.m. No casualties are recorded in the War Diary of the 1/7th Battalion however an analysis of the CWGC database records that on the 8th, the battalion suffered 4 Other Ranks killed.
As both battalions took stock of their new surroundings, it soon became apparent that of paramount importance was the task of the repair of the trenches, the organisation of various stores and posts, and trenches dug in order to connect the Salient with the Old British Front Line. All day of the 9th was dedicated to these various tasks but the die was cast as the men were undertaking their labours with a further 4 O/Rs of the 1/5th being wounded. At 8 p.m., the 1/7th Battalion were relieved by the 1/6th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, Officer Commanding, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edward Scott, whereupon the former battalion proceeded to the South Bluff, Authuille, near Black Horse Bridge (W.6.a.3.2.).
Orders issued to the 1/6th were spelt out in no uncertain terms the operational need as regards the position...."to be held at all costs."
Tempest's History of the Battalion records that the 1/6th moved to the Salient via Campbell Avenue and a recently dug trench across the former No Man's Land that was rather shallow in depth. The men were in fighting order minus pack and as they entered the position, they now became custodians of a large supply of Mills Bombs and Small Arms Ammunition. During the course of the relief, there was considerable enemy artillery fire resulting in 3 Other Ranks of the battalion being killed.
As the men continued to repair the trenches and consolidate the Old Front Line, "A" & "D" Companies of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's were relieved by "B" & "C" Companies respectively during the afternoon of the 10th. Once again, the battalion suffered numerous casualties during the course of the day, 1 man being killed and 15 O/R's being wounded. The pattern was similar during the following day with 1 man of the 1/6th killed and 4 O/R's of the 1/5th wounded as the German artillery continued to shell heavily both the Salient and the sector as a whole.
At 1.15 a.m. on the morning of the 12th July, the enemy would show his hand and launch an attack and attempt to break into the line. The exact nature of his enterprise is not recorded in substantial detail in both battalion's War Diaries however the Author, in part, will draw on Tempest's History Of The Sixth Battalion and the Brigade War Diary to explain events as they transpired.
It was at 11.30 p.m. on the night of the 11th July that the 1/6th Battalion had sent out a patrol consisting of two officers with scouts and bombers. It had been observed that during the course of the previous evening, the enemy had come out into No Man's Land from a Sap just to the north of the Salient, the objective of the patrol being to surround them and no doubt take prisoners. As the patrol lay out waiting, they were suddenly attacked and bombed at about 1.15 a.m. but somehow they managed to retire, fighting as they did so. At 1.30 a.m. a message was received at Brigade Headquarters from the O.C. 6th West Yorkshire's that his left Company Commander ("A" Company) reported that he was being driven back from his trenches by an enemy bombing attack on Sap "H" but it was quite fortuitous that during the course of the previous day, the 1/7th West Yorkshire's had brought up to the line thousands of Mills Bombs. The support company in the "crater" (Granatloch/Quarry) were at once immediately sent forward to reinforce this left company that was under attack, their support position in turn being taken over by the Reserve Company of the 6th West Yorks. The men had began to fire their S.O.S. rockets, a signal to initiate artillery fire on designated lines at 1.27 a.m., but due to the confusion of various signals fired by both attacker and defender, the supporting British artillery units did not bring their fire down until forty minutes after the commencement of the bombing attack (Tempest), 7 men of the 1/6th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment being killed whilst the enemy party attempted to breakthrough the line. Casualties to the 1/5th amounted to Second-Lieutenant John Victor Battersby Harford being wounded, Harford having only joined the battalion a few weeks previously, and 3 O/R's wounded.
With the 1/7th West Yorkshire's relieving the 1/6th Battalion on the night of the 12th/13th, two new officers joined the 1/5th Battalion on the 12th, Second-Lieutenants Cyril Goodwill and William Allan Banks. During the course of the following day, "A" & "D" Companies once again moved up into the line to relieve "B" & "C" Companies respectively. During this relief, Second-Lieutenant James Henry Armistead and 7 O/R's were wounded, a familiar pattern as the Granatloch 'consumed' yet more victims.
Fire Demonstration: 1/7th West Yorkshire's
It was at 2.15 a.m. on the morning of the 14th July that a barrage commenced on the enemy's positions, this being put down to assist a bombing attack that was to be launched by the 1/7th West Yorkshire's. With the 1/6th being brought forward in support with orders to consolidate the ground taken, "Zero" hour was set for 2.25 a.m. This operation, not only envisaged to expand the position to the north, would also detract German forces from the large scale attack being launched on the villages of Bazentin-le-Petit, Bazentin-le-Grand and Longueval by 8th and 15th Corps, Fourth Army.
Operation Orders stated that the 1/7th would attack with "A" and "B" Companies, three companies of the 1/6th attached and placed under the orders of the Officer Commanding the 1/7th, Lieutenant-Colonel Albert Edward Kirk V.D. Both the 1/5th, and the 1/8th Battalions would remain in their present positions, north-east of the Granatloch, and just to the west of Nab Valley between Lime Street and Mersey Street respectively in the event of a counter-attack. Headquarters of the 1/6th Battalion and 3 companies of the 148th Infantry Brigade would be placed in Reserve at the South Bluff, Authuille, under the orders of the Commanding Officer, 1/6th, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edward Scott.
Orders for the artillery were complex, but at 2.15 a.m., the artillery would open a "usual" barrage for a period of ten minutes and then at "Zero" in conjunction with the attack of the 1/7th, lift on to a line designated as "A," "E" & "D" for the duration of fifteen minutes. In basic terms, fire would be brought to bear on a designated line just to the south of Thiepval Village, south of this line, map references R.31.a & b, there was to be no barrage unless requested by the attacking infantry. To the north of Thiepval, a barrage would also be brought to bear stretching from a point just to the north of Mill Road, to the south of St. Pierre Divion, eastwards to a point near the Cemetery (references Q.24.d.7.7. - R.25.b.2.5.). After "Zero" hour, "Special Tasks" would be initiated, i.e. a bombardment that would be primarily fired at reference R.31.c. (directly north of the Granatloch and on the modern day line of the track leading from the Thiepval Memorial). The barrage would be performed by a variety of groups and various calibres of artillery from the 32nd and 49th Divisional Artillery augmented by attached French Artillery of the 37th and 20th Artillery Regiments and the 10th Corps Heavy Artillery.
To assist the attack, 1/8th West Yorkshire's would launch smoke ("P" Bombs) in conjunction with Number 1 Company Special Brigade, 5th Battalion, Royal Engineers from Mersey Street to Lime Street in an attempt to fill the Nab and its associated valley with smoke as far north as Mouquet Farm. The R.E. would deploy their smoke discharge from detachments of 4 inch Stokes Mortars, four guns under the command of Lieutenant Hugh Gordon Nourse on the right of the 146th Infantry Brigade and four guns under the command of Lieutenant William Harold Elliker on the left of the 147th Infantry Brigade who would discharge smoke up the Ancre valley. One hundred and twenty bombs would be allocated for each detachment deposited by either road or tramway as close as possible to the detachments positions, the time for the smoke discharge being set for 15 minutes before "Zero" hour. 
Leipzig Salient & Environs
146th Brigade Headquarters. T.N.A. WO95/2792/3

At "Zero" hour, the 1/7th West Yorkshire's launched their attack on the "A,"E" & "D" Line to the north of the Granatloch. One half of "B" Company proceeded forward towards the enemy lines up "A" & "B" Trench with the remaining half of the company advancing up "C" & "D" Trench respectively. Following behind this latter half company were one half of "A" Company, assigned the specific task of 'mopping up' the numerous enemy dug-outs located in the area of this sector of the advance. The remaining half of "A" Company would subsequently advance up "A" & "B" Trench with the objective of the occupation of the German trench system, whereupon, they would form a defensive line and consolidate the latter facing eastwards, no doubt forming 'trench blocks' to prevent any interdiction by enemy forces. With one company of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's assembled in the Crater/Granatloch with various quantities of trench materiel to assist in consolidation, one half of this company would follow on up "A" & "B" Trench, the remainder, proceeding forward up "C" & "D" Trench.
Accounts of the operation vary as does chronology but it would appear that from the outset, one party, moving over the open between "B" & "A" and "C" & "D" Trenches had met a large body of the enemy in both the open and in their trenches. Pushing this force back a distance of about 50 yards under a heavy bomb barrage, this party of "B" Company of the 1/7th West Yorkshire's became engaged in a ferocious bombing duel that eventually drove them back to their start point, the line "C" & "B" Trench, a message being received at Brigade Headquarters to this end timed at 3.10 a.m. 
The barrage was now requested to 'shorten,' i.e. to bring down fire on the rapidly advancing enemy force who were making good progress to the left of the failed attack. Companies were now reorganised as repeated requests were sent to the artillery to continue or alter their barrage as the attack developed yet further and as a consequence of mounting pressure, "C" & "B" Trench was subsequently abandoned. With nearly all of the Bombers of the 1/7th West Yorkshire's now either killed or wounded, two companies? of the 1/6th were now sent forward in an attempt to repel the counter-attack. Although "C" & "B" Trench had been abandoned, the position was defended to the last man by Bombers of the latter, greatly assisted by Stokes mortars and their crews who moved up into the open behind the British front line.

T.N.A. WO95/2792/3

The 1/5th West Yorkshire's now reported that the enemy counter-attack was developing yet further to the left at about 4.40 a.m., a verbal message being received to this effect at Brigade Headquarters. First hand accounts of the fighting are scarce, however the 1/6th Battalion Bombers, under the command of Lieutenant George Hargreaves Speight, gave a good account of themselves on this flank at Point "C" (Tempest's History). Lieutenant Hargreaves was awarded the Military Cross for his actions on this date, his citation in the London Gazette dated the 25th August 1916 reads as follows:-
"For conspicuous gallantry. When the enemy obtained a foothold in our front trench, occupied by another unit, he led his bombers with great dash and drove them out. On another occasion he drove off the enemy with bombs, inflicting heavy casualties."
Of the 1/7th, Lieutenant Frederick Joseph Baldwin was also awarded the M.C. His citation in the same edition of the London Gazette reads:-
" For conspicuous gallantry. When, at a critical moment his company commander was wounded, he took command, cleared away the wounded and organised the company to resist a counter-attack. He was wounded by a bullet in the leg, but stuck to his post and set a fine example."
At about 6.35 a.m. on the morning of the 14th, a message was received from the the front line reporting that it was "all quiet" despite the attentions of a few bombs, rifle grenades and trench mortar rounds. The Brigade War Diary records that the 1/7th West Yorkshire's had suffered 3 officers wounded and about 80 men either killed or wounded however the Battalion War Diary furnishes no details as to casualties sustained. An analysis therefore of the Commonwealth War Graves database now indicates that 1 Officer, Lieutenant Norman Wilson, and 20 men were killed or died of wounds in the attack. The 1/6th Battalion had suffered 4 men killed, and the 1/8th Battalion, one man, the indomitable Regimental Sergeant Major William Henry Fear M.C. In support positions to the north of the Granatloch, the 1/5th West Yorkshire's casualties numbered Second-Lieutenant Sidney Walker Birbeck and three O/R's wounded plus one man killed, Lance-Sergeant Arthur Boldison M.M., a native of York and a married man who was awarded the Military Medal posthumously in February 1917.
"Liquid Fire"
During the following day, the 1/5th West Yorkshire's set about repairing the trenches whilst the 1/6th Battalion took up station in the front line trenches. At about 3.30 a.m. (Brigade War Diary, 1/6th records 4 a.m.) on the morning of the 15th July just as dawn was beginning to break, an enemy bombing attack preceded by a heavy bombardment erupted along the length of the line. An alien sound was then heard followed by three jets of "liquid fire." Almost immediately an S.O.S. call was sent to the artillery followed by the firing of three red rockets in addition to a visual signal message being sent but the latter proved difficult to observe due to the misty conditions that prevailed. Two more sets of rockets were fired and a call was made from the artillery liason officer at 3.50 a.m. but it was not until six minutes later that the artillery responded and even then, the barrage was weak and far from adequate.
Once again the enemy were attempting to infiltrate the line on the left in the vicinity of "C" & "D" Trench/Sap and at 4.15 a.m. a further telephone call was made to the artillery followed by another rocket signal to increase their barrage. The Bombers of "B" Company, 1/6th West Yorkshire's, now became engaged in a bombing duel and to assist in the defence of the position, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edward Scott, O.C. 1/6th Battalion, now sent forward one platoon of the 1/7th Battalion who were in support in the Crater to reinforce the trench between Fifth Avenue (north-west of the Granatloch) and "C" & "D" Trench/Sap to support "B" Company.
Both the Brigade and the Battalion War Diaries record no specific details as to companies engaged but the Author surmises from various sources that the Battalion held the position as follows:-
"B" Company   Left Flank   O.C. Captain Eric Walter Knowles
"C" Company   Right Flank O.C. Captain Richard Alexander Fawcett M.C.
"A" Company   Centre        O.C. Captain Norman Muller
"D" Company   Support/Reserve   O.C. Temporary Captain John Lister Heselton (Wounded 1st July) 
Lieutenant Speight, "B" Company, was once again in the forefront of the action (see second part of M.C. citation) albeit slightly wounded. At 4.25 a.m., the centre company reported that "B" Company were holding the attack and that the machine gun on that flank withheld it's fire "against the possibility of the enemy succeeding in breaking through."
Colonel Scott received a message timed at 4.45 that the left flank company, "B," was "all right" and shortly afterwards the centre company reported its situation as the same. It soon became clear that the main thrusts of the enemy attack were, on the left down "C" & "D" Trench/Sap, eastwards down "B" & "A" Trench/Sap and "H" Trench/Sap. The whole action was characterised by the necessity for an adequate supply of bombs, this supply diminishing at an alarming rate throughout the course of the attack. To this end, the right flank bombing post, manned by "C" Company, received orders to forward bombs to "B" Company however Tempest's History records that Lieutenant Hornshaw (Frederick Geoffrey Hornshaw) of "C" Company replied that "his Bombs are not in Boxes, and that he is sending as many as he can, but he has only 400 Bombs left."
At this critical period and with the left flank coming under increasing pressure, Stokes mortars under the command of Captain Pike were brought forward and commenced a bombardment of the advancing enemy. Assisted by the 146th Brigade Machine Gun Company under the command of Captain John Muller, the effects of the mortar fire drove parties of the enemy into the open whereupon they were engaged at first by snipers and then by one machine gun under the command of Lance-Sergeant Harry Haigh,1927, the latter firing 1500 rounds with effective results.
It later transpired that the enemy force consisted of men of the 185th Infantry Regiment (185 Infanterie Regiment). An analysis of the action by Colonel Scott reported that "C" & "D" Trench was full of their dead however the defenders had learned costly lessons themselves. The necessity to have ample supplies of hand grenades begged numerous questions as to how many were actually adequate to deal with any prolonged assault. Although the Bombing Officer of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's was asked the specific question as to how many bombs were actually used in the defence of the line, no estimate was, or could be, provided. Scott himself recommended at the least a "couple of thousand boxes" but upon consultation with his aforementioned officer the latter deemed this to be "excessive." It was a fair point, bombs could be damaged or in the worst case scenario, a substantial dump could fall prey to the effects of enemy artillery. Yet another point to consider was the loss of experienced Bombers during the course of the attack, this, resulting in those who were untrained, throwing bombs without a correct setting adding to expenditure. In the case of Stokes mortar rounds, in excess of 400 mortar rounds were fired, the reserve of this ammunition, about 700 rounds, proving to be adequate.
Colonel Scott estimated his casualties during the action as two officers killed and one wounded (Lieutenant Speight). In Other Ranks, this estimate concluded that 3 had been killed and 30 wounded. An analysis therefore of the C.W.W.G database now indicates that the two officers killed were Second-Lieutenants Clarence Rueil Harper, "B" Company of Rawdon, near Leeds, and Richard Moore, "A" Company of Ripon, both officers now buried in adjoining graves in Blighty Valley Cemetery, Authuille Wood, Somme. In Other Ranks, the battalion suffered 8 men killed however two men are buried in cemeteries some distance behind the lines suggesting that they succumbed to wounds received previously. Amongst the dead was one Sergeant Joseph Sayers D.C.M., 2626, of "B" Company, a married man and a native of Bradford. Sayers, then a Private, had been awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for actions on the Canal Bank Sector at Ypres in 1915, his citation in the London Gazette dated the 22nd January 1916 reads:-
For conspicuous gallantry on the 19th November 1915, in the isolated trench known as the "Pump Room."
During a very heavy bombardment, when 6 men of the platoon were killed, 7 wounded and all the remainder more or less buried, Corporal Meekosha took command after all his seniors were killed or wounded, and commenced digging out the wounded in full view of the enemy and at short range from his trenches. By his gallant behaviour, and with the assistance of Privates Johnson, Sayers and Wilkinson, who stuck to him and most stoutly assisted him throughout, the lives of 4 men were saved."
Along with Sayer, Private Eli Johnson, 3225, and Private Edgar James Wilkinson, 1266, would also be awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal, Wilkinson, being killed in action the following month aged 19 years. Corporal Samuel Meekosha, 1147, for his actions, would receive the highest award for gallantry, the Victoria Cross.
Bombs And Gas
Once again the line stood to in a heightened sense of alert as at 12.25 a.m. as on the night of the 15th/16th of July, the 1/8th West Yorks were subjected to a heavy bombing attack by the enemy. With the one of the company's battalion bombers being forced back by a heavy counter-attack, the remaining bombers of the battalion stabilised the situation but at the cost of 5 men killed. One of these men was Harry Yarborough, a Cloth Cutter of Number 34, Bellbrooke Grove, Harehills, Leeds. Aged just 24 years, Harry is now recorded in the Book of Remembrance located in Saint Agnes' Church, Burmantofts, Leeds. (Authors note: There are a number of men recorded as killed or died of wounds on this date by the C.W.G.C. Database however some died some distance from Thiepval of wounds received at Field Ambulances or Base Hospitals, I surmise therefore wounded at an earlier date. Of the five men killed or died of wounds, all are recorded on the Thiepval Memorial).
The 1/7th West Yorkshire's now relieved the 1/5th Battalion in the Old British Line trenches at Campbell Post, this relief commencing at 8 a.m. on the morning of the 16th and concluding at 4 p.m in the afternoon. The 5th Battalion now moved into reserve positions, Headquarters and "A" and "D" Companies to Black Horse Bridge, South Bluff, Authuille, "B" Company to Oban Avenue Trench in the Authuille Defences and "C" Company to the Granatloch in support of the 1/8th West Yorkshire's, 4 Other Ranks being wounded during the course of the day. During the following day, the 5th Battalion relieved the latter in the Leipzig Salient, "C" and "D" Companies moving into front line positions, "B" Company in support in the Granatloch and "A" Company in reserve respectively. Enemy artillery was fairly active shelling the front line positions and the whole of the sector in general. "K" Gas Shells (Sulphuretted Hydrogen) were also liberally used during the course of the day, the battalion suffering one man killed and six wounded. Private Harold Pryor, 3930, of Parkfield Place, Sheffield, was the unfortunate man to be killed. Drafted to the battalion in 1916, Harry now lies in Authuille Military Cemetery, Authuille, a short distance from where he made the ultimate sacrifice.  

View From The Northern Face Of The Granatloch. April 2013. Author.

The Right Sector, i.e. to the right of the 49th Division, was held by units of the 144th Infantry Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division, who had been engaged south of Authuille Wood in the fight for the village of Ovillers and its associated trench systems to the north. The Left Sector was occupied by the 147th Infantry Brigade, 49th Division, the 1/5th West Ridings on the extreme left flank, and the 1/6th West Ridings on the right respectively. The 1/5th Battalion now set about wiring saps and positions in and around the Granatloch in addition to a process of general consolidation but despite there being little artillery activity by the enemy, one man was killed and three were wounded. (Authors note: A search of both the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Database and that of Soldiers Died reveals no trace of the man presumed to have been killed on the 18th of July).
A relief of the 1/5th Battalion was carried out by the 1/8th West Yorkshire's on the 19th July, Headquarters and "A" and "B" Companies subsequently proceeding to the South Bluff at Black Horse Bridge, "C" Company to Caithness Trenches and "D" Company to Oban Avenue, the latter two companies being located in the line in the Authuille Defences, one O/R being wounded during the course of the day. At 10 p.m., a digging party of the 1/5th King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, 148th Infantry Brigade who had been placed at the disposal of the 146th Brigade, commenced to dig a trench from the Nab on the right of the latters sector to link up positions north of Ovillers occupied by the 144th Infantry Brigade, 48th Division. One man, Private Arthur Convey, 4337, a Scotsman by birth, was unfortunately killed whilst conducting these operations and is now buried in Authuille Military Cemetery.
Further Expansion Of The Salient Position
On the night of the 19th/20th of July, an attack was conducted by the 1/8th West Yorkshire's in an attempt to expand the Leipzig Salient positions. With the 1/5th Battalion in support, the objectives of this attack were the points in the line to the east designated as "X," "H," "K" and "L." The attack would be carried out by two companies who would advance over the open towards their objectives. An artillery barrage would be fired on Points "A" - "B,"   "C" - "D,"   "H" - "J,"   "M" and "N" - "R." In addition to this artillery barrage on the aforementioned positions, a Stokes mortar barrage would also be performed, three guns, one each on "A" - "B,"  "C" - "D" and "H J" (sic), two Stokes mortars on "H - K - M" and one mortar on "P - N - R." Two inch mortars would also lay down a barrage on the area "S - T - V - W" and heavy mortars on the area "O - Y - Z." 146th Machine Gun Company would also participate in the 'enterprise,' Second-Lieutenant Richard Cecil Groom moving two guns into the Salient whilst Second-Lieutenant John Rotherford Bellerby took up positions in the Wood Post Sector to cover the approaches along Nab Valley and to fire a barrage on high elevation towards Mouquet Farm. A rather hurried attack in conception, "Zero" hour was set for 3.30 a.m. on the morning of the 19th/20th July.
There is virtually no information as regards to the attack contained in the pages of the War Diaries of the constituent units of the 146th Infantry Brigade. An analysis however of messages received during the course of the attack by Brigade Headquarters enables us to piece together a simplistic overview of events as they unfolded.
As both the artillery and mortar barrage commenced at "Zero" hour, the two companies of the 8th West Yorkshire's, "A" and "D" respectively, proceeded towards their objectives, "K" and "L" Trench. "A" Company, advanced as per orders across the open in two lines, the first wave completely taking the enemy by surprise as they jumped in the trench. The second wave however was less fortunate and as it neared the objective four minutes after "Zero," it was hit by enemy machine guns firing from the line "X," "H" and "K" suffering some casualties in the process. About three minutes later and after overcoming the initial shock and surprise of attack, the enemy launched his S.O.S. signal comprising of three red rockets but the advance now developed on the left of "A" Company as the Battalion Bombers proceeded to bomb their way forwards. Upon arrival at "K" and "L" Trench, the bombers now advanced to their left fighting their way up towards Point "K," orders stipulating  that one party was to advance along "K" and "M" Trench and establish a 'Bombing Block,' a rudimentary barricade, to prevent enemy forces from infiltrating the battle zone. A second bombing party then advanced along "K" and "X" and began to work their way forwards towards Point "X" where other bombers were advancing downwards. A battle dominated by bomb now ensued, this weapon of trench warfare being handled by specially trained men adept at their use and well versed in military tactics however at this point in the engagement, enemy resistance now began to stiffen.        

T.N.A. WO95/2792/3

"D" Company who had also advanced over the open had by now also come to grips with the enemy. Bombing down "X" and "H" and in a northerly direction up "H" and "J" Trench, they too established a 'Block' about twenty yards up the latter trench with little difficulty. So as to ascertain the position of "A" Company, a section was detailed off to advance over the top and in the open on the south side of "X" and "K" Trench but it soon became apparent that the men of this company had been held up by a large enemy force in "X" and "K" Trench. Battalion bombers were now also held up by snipers at Point "K" firing from behind 'sniper plates,' steel plates no doubt incorporated into the German defense system. Despite the efforts of the Lewis gun teams who lost heavily in trying to dislodge them from their position, this strong-point in the enemy line held on tenaciously forcing the Officer Commanding 1/8th, Temporary Lieutenant-Colonel James Whitelaw Alexander D.S.O. to order a tactical withdrawal from Point "K" down "K" and "L" and "K" and "X" Trenches so that the position could be bombarded by Stokes mortars for the duration of three minutes. There were problems however even before the mortar barrage could commence as the carrying party detailed to bring the rounds forward could not find them and brought up a cache of Mills bombs in error but as the mortar barrage came to a conclusion, the men prepared for a final push to seize all their objectives.
Both companies now made a final rush and a little progress was made forward despite a counter-attack. Resistance finally dwindled at about 6.20 a.m. after a three hour fight and it was reported that the enemy were withdrawing leaving many of their dead and wounded behind. At Point "K," both "A" and "D" Companies now linked up and a further 'block' was established about twenty yards down "K" and "M" Trench. During the whole operation, the enemy had made strong counter-attacks down "A" - "B" and "D" - "C" Trenches but these attacks were successfully repulsed with the assistance of mortars. At 9 a.m. the German artillery began to shell the whole of the brigade front, the Salient and Point "K" and it was now imperative that the men set about wiring and consolidating the captured trenches as the enemy once again launched a small bombing attack in "H" Trench. To assist in consolidation, both "A" and "B" Companies of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's were sent up to the Salient, the battalion's bombers being sent forward to assist in driving out small pockets of enemy resistance. "C" Company also moved up to assist in the clearing of communication trenches and blown in Russian Saps aswell as "D" Company who were assigned the duties of carrying up water.
The captured trenches were badly knocked about by artillery and in parts very shallow indeed. As the men feverishly attempted to improve their positions, full stock of the situation they found themselves in and the number of casualties could now be assessed.
An analysis of the Commonwealth War Graves Database now indicates that the 1/8th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment (Leeds Rifles) suffered 12 Other Ranks killed. Amongst their number were three men from Leeds whose loss represents the bitter fighting by the Battalion Machine Gun Section to take Point "K."  Private John William Clayton of Rossall Road, Harehills, aged 21 years, Lance-Corporal Joe Mellor, Landlord of the Belmont Inn, Holbeck, aged 32 years and Private William Wilkinson of St. Peter's Street, aged just 19.
John Clayton, prior to enlistment in September 1914, had been employed by Messrs. David Little and Co., Wholesale Clothiers of York Place. Joe Mellor, a married man with two children, was reported to have been killed instantaneously by a German Sniper, his officer remarking that he was the best gunner that he had and Private William Wilkinson, sniped through the head whilst "using a Lewis gun to good effect." William had only been at the front for about ten weeks.
John William Clayton now lies in Blighty Valley Cemetery, Authuille, whilst both Joe Mellor and William Wilkinson, unidentified after the war, are now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.
Although not directly engaged in operations and holding positions in Authuille Wood, the 1/6th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment had also suffered one casualty, Private Frederick Blakey of Southey Place, Bradford. A member of a working party digging a communication trench to connect with advanced trenches gained by 4th Gloucesters to the north of Ovillers, Frederick, one may surmise, was killed by what the War Diary records as "Intensive Shelling." Frederick, aged about 18 years, is now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.
Of the 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, the War Diary records that Second-Lieutenant William Singleton Macartney was wounded, 6 Other Ranks killed, and 31 Other Ranks wounded. An analysis of the Commonwealth War Graves Database between the dates of the 19th July - 21st July records however only five casualties.
Amongst their number was one Private Alfred Crofts of 103, Rydal Road, Sheffield. A death notice published in the Yorkshire Telegraph & Star dated August the 14th simply expressed the words from a grieving family, "The unknown grave is the bitterest blow, None but the aching heart can know."
Private Reuben Frederick Jordan aged 31 years, a married man with one child from Number 19, Carlton Street, Hestle Road, Hull. Formerly employed by Messrs. Allen & Hanburys, Cod Liver Oil Merchants of Blanket Row, Frederick had originally enlisted into the ranks of the East Yorkshire Regiment in January 1915 but was later transferred to the West Yorkshire.
Private James Sunley, aged 21 years of Lowther Street, York. Recorded in the 1911 Census as occupation, a Bookbinder, James is the only man of the 1/5th Battalion who fell in action on this date to have a known grave. His body exhumed from a point just to the north-east of the Granatloch, James, identified by his boots, uniform and shoulder titles now lies in A.I.F. Burial Ground, Flers along with two other unidentified men of the West Yorkshire Regiment.
This particular action in the expansion of the Salient position also resulted in the death of one man of the 1/5th Battalion who I, the Author, feel a personal connection. A number of years past, my wife happened to chance on a medal for sale on a local internet auction site, a British War Medal being inscribed to one George Ishmael Mackridge, 2461. George was born in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, on the 19th of July 1897, the son of Thomas and Paulina Mackridge of Denmark Street. Enlisting at York in September 1914, the family at this juncture were residing at Number 43, North Lodge Avenue, New Park. George had witnessed service on the Western Front from April of the previous year. Granted a few days leave in June 1916, he was killed the day after his 19th birthday. George Ishmael Mackridge, his body lost, is now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, a short distance from where he fell.      

Ackrills War Souvenir
George Ishmael Mackridge. Image Courtesy Of John Sheehan.


As fighting continued on the 21st on the left of the Salient position, the 146th Brigade, minus both the 1/6th and the 1/7th Battalions of the West Yorkshire's and the Brigade Stokes Mortar Battery who were placed at the disposal of the 148th Brigade, were relieved. At noon, a relief of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's was commenced by the 1/4th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, 148th Brigade, the relief being completed by 4.30 p.m. with two O/R's being wounded in the process. The 1/8th Battalion were also relieved by the 1/4th Yorks & Lancs. and proceeded to billets at Forceville, the 1/5th to billets located at Hedauville respectively. Now placed in Corps Reserve, both battalions, for the meantime, could at least forget the horrors that they had witnessed on the Somme battlefield as their sister battalions of the brigade continued to endure their continuing tour of the lines. (Authors note: On the 24th of July, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edward Scott and Captain Eric Walter Knowles, Second-in-Command of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's were seriously wounded whilst touring the line in The Nab. Colonel Scott would eventually succumb to his wounds in hospital at Etaples on the 9th August aged 49 years).

John and the men of the battalion now proceeded about checking and cleaning their kit after the rigours of their tour in the line. The time spent at so called 'rest' at Hedauville were of a very short duration as on the following day, orders were issued to prepare for a move at half an hours notice. A Church Service was conducted at 9.45 a.m. in the morning followed by the training of 'Specialists' such as Bombers, Signallers and men adept and familiar with the use of Rifle Grenades. On the evening of the 23rd, the 1/5th and the 1/8th Battalions proceeded by route of march to Bouzincourt which was reached at 9 p.m. whereupon both proceeded to billet. On the following day, the 49th (West Riding) Division now transferred from Fifteenth Corps to Second Corps. Still remaining in Corps Reserve and now with the 1/7th West Yorkshire's at Forceville in Divisional Reserve, a programme of training was initiated by the 1/5th and conducted under the auspices of Company Commanders and 'Specialist' Officers. Major Robert Cattley now returned from hospital whilst Captain Donald P Mackay and Quarter-master, Hon. Lieutenant Frank Veal proceeded to hospital 'sick.'

Whilst at Bouzincourt, "A," "B" and "C" Companies had a chance to have a welcome bath and as training continued, the battalion moved once again on the 25th into billets located in the village of Forceville. Training was once again the order of the day and on the 26th, both Headquarters and "D" Company had the opportunity to bathe at Hedauville. On the 27th of July, the day dawned with rain and the respite from the trenches had come to an end. Orders had now been issued to commence a relief in the line of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's and at 7 a.m. the battalion proceeded by route of march to the front line.

Quarry Post

Moving into trenches at Quarry Post near Authuille Wood, "A" and "B" Companies moved into the line supported by "D" and "C" Companies respectively. The men set about repairing and improving the trenches, a particular emphasis being placed on the deepening and widening of a 'new' trench constructed across No Man's Land south of The Nab. This position in effect formed a reserve line located to the south of the Leipzig Salient, a prominent feature of the position being referred to as the "Dead Man's Bank," a site that had witnessed many deaths on the 1st July during the opening day of the Somme offensive. During the course of the day, the battalion suffered 9 Other Rank casualties, 2 remaining at duty.

As work continued on all the trenches, "B" Company set about connecting the trenches to the battalion on the left. At 8 a.m. on the morning of the 28th of July, one company of the 1/5th King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry launched an attack against the eastern side of the Salient position. The attack failed with "B" Company suffering considerable loss and as a direct result a heavy enemy artillery bombardment fell on this part of the sector. As a consequence, the 1/5th West Yorkshire's suffered 3 Other Ranks killed and 4 wounded.

Private Fred Barnes, 22684, of Cudworth near Barnsley. Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia and possibly arriving in the United Kingdom in January 1915, Fred had originally enlisted into one of the "Pals" Battalions of the York and Lancaster Regiment but was transferred at some point to the 1/5th West Yorkshire's. Possibly working underground as a Miner, it is believed that he was a Lodger with one Frances Ethel Freer of 9, Somerset Street, Cudworth. One of 300 members of the Cudworth Village Working Men's Club to have enlisted upon the outbreak of the war, at the time of his death over 20 members of the Club had already fallen. (Sheffield Daily Telegraph, September the 26th, 1916). Lance-Corporal Charles Simpson, 2335 of "C" Company. Charles, a Gardner, had enlisted at York in August 1914. Residing at Number 3, Railway Terrace, Holgate Road, York, Charles was fondly remembered by his sister Marion. Private Charles William Wells, 1842, had enlisted at York. A Painter and resident of St. Maurice's Road, tragedy had already visited the family when in August 1915, his brother George Edward, succumbed to wounds received at Hooge whilst serving with the East Yorkshire Regiment. Charles Simpson along with Fred Barnes and Charles Wells now lie in Blighty Valley Cemetery, Authuille Wood, Somme.

As work continued on the trenches, construction began in the 'new' trench of strong-points, 5 Other Ranks being wounded during the course of the 29th, two remaining at duty. Once completed, these posts were manned by men of "A" Company on the following day, Captain Charles Ellis Foulds, the young officer from Wetherby, departing the battalion for hospital 'sick,' one officer however rejoined the battalion from the Reinforcement Camp, Second-Lieutenant William Allan Banks respectively. Construction of a dug-out was commenced on the 30th, the latter on 'German principles.' It is of interest to note that the party of 27 O/R's under the command of Second-Lieutenant Cyril Newton Goodwill seconded for the purpose, were drawn from men either with quarrying or mining experience. This suggests that the structure was to be dug to a deep level similar in construction to the elaborate German dug-outs excavated in underlying chalk in the former enemy trench system in this sector.

On the morning of the 31st of July, the 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment were relieved by 1/8th West Yorkshire's at Quarry Post and proceeded to billets located at Forceville, 1 Other Rank being wounded during the course of the relief. Casualties suffered by the 146th Infantry Brigade, from the 1st of July to the 22nd July as recorded in the Brigade War Diary numbered 70 officers and 1,349 men. John had survived the opening days of the Somme offensive and the protracted defence and ultimate expansion of one postion gained at a high cost on the first day of battle. The Salient position was now expanding and evolving as a launch pad for further incursions into the Thiepval sector but the enemy still held on tenaciously to the strategically vital high ground of the Thiepval Spur. For this to be taken, a series of redoubts to the north including the Wundt Werk, Stuff Redoubt and ultimately Feste Schwaben would have to be taken but for the meantime, the sector, including positions above the Ancre, were dominated by a determined opposition.


After arriving at Forceville and completing an inspection of kit and training in 'Specialists,' the 1/5th Battalion proceeded to Hedauville during the late afternoon and into Corps Reserve. Whilst at Hedauville, General Claud William Jacob C.B., G.O.C. Second Corps, presented medals to the men of the 146th Infantry Brigade in the grounds of the Chateau d'Hedauville. Once again a programme of training was initiated, primarily concerned with 'Specialists'  including on the 2nd, a practice attack on dummy trenches. As Second-Lieutenant Ernest William Lee rejoined the battalion from the Bombing School, orders were now issued for the 146th Infantry Brigade to commence a relief of the 148th Infantry Brigade in the Thiepval Sector. The 1/5th Battalion were to relieve the 1/5th K.O.Y.L.I. at the South Bluff, 1/6th Battalion, in trenches opposite the Salient in positions from Oban and Thiepval Avenue, 1/7th Battalion relieving 1/5th Yorks. & Lancs. in the Salient, the 1/8th Battalion, still in positions to the left of the 48th Division from Hoy's Trench - The Nab - Eighth Avenue (Author : South of the Salient, north of Boggart Hole Clough).

In the Left Sector, the 147th Infantry Brigade, 49th Division under the command of Temporary Brigadier-General Edward Fitzgerald Brereton, C.B., D.S.O., the men of the 'Duke's' performed good service in improving the lines and digging new parallels in the vicinity of Thiepval Wood. As a period of hot weather continued, "A" and "B" Companies of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's were now disposed in the South Bluff, "C" Company in Oban Avenue and "D" Company in support to the 1/7th West Yorkshire's in the Granatloch. During the night of the 3rd, the latter company suffered several casualties due to enemy artillery, total casualties in wounded numbering 6 Other Ranks.

One of the men succumbed to wounds the same day, one Private George Hick, 2507. George, of Swann Street, Nunnery Lane, York, had enlisted in September 1914 at York. His brother Arthur who had enlisted in late August 1914 into the 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment had already fallen at Gallipoli on the 22nd August 1915. George now lies in Martinsart British Cemetery, Somme, his brother, denied a known grave, is now commemorated on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli. In addition, both brothers are commemorated in their home city on the War Memorial located at St. Mary Bishophill Junior Church, a short distance from the family home.

On the 4th of August, the 12th (Eastern) Division on the right flank, continued their advance towards positions to the east of Ovillers and Pozieres in conjunction with attacks by the A.I.F. Both "A" and "B" Companies of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's now commenced to carry Royal Engineer stores to the Salient whilst "C" Company carried up vital water supplies. "D" Company at this juncture moved to Caithness Trenches from the Granatloch, 5 Other Ranks being wounded during the course of this rotation in the lines. As Major William Oddie rejoined the battalion, on the following day, "A" and "B" Companies moved to the front line and support positions under orders of the Officer Commanding 1/8th West Yorkshire's, the latter at its disposal, having two companies of the 1/5th and the 1/7th West Yorks, rotating in the line alternately. "A" Company now occupied the front line from Mersey Street to Eighth Avenue whilst "B" Company moved into support positions in Rock Street, "D" Company moving back to the Bluff in place of the former two companies respectively.

As the 48th and the 12th Divisions also rotated units on the right, the 1/5th K.O.Y.L. of the 148th Infantry Brigade were withdrawn from the line to Martinsart Wood, both forward and support companies of the 1/5th West Yorks began cleaning and improving trenches whilst "D" Company set about the cleaning up of dug-outs at the Bluff and the carrying up of Royal Engineer stores, one man being wounded during the course of the 6th August.

On the 7th, the 1/5th West Yorks relieved the 1/7th Battalion in the Salient, "B" Company moving into positions at the South Bluff, "A" Company to Oban Avenue, "D" Company to Rock Street and "C" Company to Mersey Street respectively. Recorded as a "quiet day" in the pages of the War Diary, during the course of the 7th, a shell or shells fired by British artillery exploded on "K" Sap held by a party of the men of the 1/5th. The casualties from this unfortunate incident resulted in the deaths of 3 Other Ranks killed and a further 4 wounded. Only one man belonging to the 1/5th Battalion killed on this date is recorded by the Commonwealth War Graves Database, one Private Arthur Naylor, 4011, of Cross Flatts Place,  Beeston, Leeds. Originally enlisting into the 1/8th Battalion (Leeds Rifles) and attached to the 1/5th, prior to enlistment, Arthur, aged 19 years, had been employed by the Beeston Branch of the Leeds Co-operative Society. Buried in Authuile Military Cemetery, his gravestone bears the inscription, "His Loving Memory Is More Than Words Can Tell Father." One other man to be killed on this date was one Private Arthur Waddington, 4234, 1/6th West Yorkshire's, commemorated by the C.W.G.C. as serving with the York and Lancaster Regiment. A married man of Bradford who had been wounded the month previously, Arthur now also lies in the peaceful cemetery at Authuile, "Fondly Remembered."

Seven officers also joined the battalion on this date; Second-Lieutenants Alfred Charles Watson, George Geoffrey Ellison, Arthur George Wilson, Thomas William Hardwick, Dudley Whistler Wallace, Gordon Albert Barnes and William Barraclough. In addition to these officers, Second-Lieutenant Joseph Bell returned from his duties as Town Major of Martinsart.

At 4 a.m. on the morning of the 8th after a smoke barrage was launched, the front was subjected to a heavy enemy artillery barrage for the duration of thirty minutes. (Authors note: Source, 146th Brigade Machine Gun Company). During the course of the day, the 1/5th had once again set about their tasks of improving the trenches and the wiring of saps. In the right sector towards Pozieres, artillery maintained a steady barrage on the enemy's defences in a programme of wire cutting, this being performed as a precursor to an attack to be launched later in the day towards Mouquet Farm. At some point during the day, the enemy launched a small bombing attack on a sap held by "B" Company but this was easily repulsed without loss of life however the 1/8th suffered one officer casualty, Captain Leslie Cartmell Hossell.

The only son of Mr. and Mrs. Percy Hossell of Clifton, York, prior to the war, Leslie had been employed by his father as a Clerk in the family business of Wool Merchants & Fellmongers. Receiving his commission as a Second-Lieutenant in March 1913 and late of the Ardingly College O.T.C., Leslie was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in August 1914 followed by the promotion to Temporary Captain in August of the following year. Killed in action aged just 24 years, Leslie is now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial as well as being commemorated on the War Memorial located at Ardingly College, West Sussex.

At about 9.23 p.m. on the evening of the 8th, both the 4th Australian Division and the 12th (Eastern) Division launched an assault from a south-easterly direction on the German line towards Mouquet Farm. With the attack supported by the 146th Brigade Machine Gun Company, little ground was gained at a high cost by the 12th Division as the Australians pressed home their attack during the course of the following day. After another smoke barrage was launched by the forward companies of the 1/5th at 3.30 a.m. on the morning of the 9th, the enemy seemed somewhat 'troubled' and consequently retaliated by firing a trench mortar into the Salient position. Subsequently engaged by artillery, the mortar was silenced but at the cost of 1 Other Rank killed and 3 wounded. Private John Henry Holmes, 3871, a native of Oxenhope, Yorkshire, now lies buried in Authuile Military Cemetery in addition to being commemorated at St. Mary the Virgin Church, Oxenhope.

As Second-Lieutenant Frederick Saxby now rejoined the battalion from his duties as Town Major of Hedauville, the 1/5th were relieved in the Salient by the 1/7th West Yorkshire's on the morning of the 10th. Headquarters and "C" Company then proceeded to the familiar surroundings of the South Bluff, "D" Company to Oban Avenue and "A" and "B" Companies to Mersey Street and Rock Street and placed under the orders of the 1/8th West Yorks, their Headquarters being established at Gloucester Post. One O/R being a casualty throughout the course of the day. One man also succumbed to wounds on this day, one Private Victor Moxon, 5539, of the 1/5th West Yorkshire's. Victor one may surmise, had been wounded the day previously. Evacuated along the casualty clearing line to Forceville and the 2nd West Riding Field Ambulance, it was whilst here and receiving medical treatment that he unfortunately died. Aged 29 years and the son of the late John and his widow Sarah of Tanshelf Court, Pontefract, Victor now lies in Forceville Communal Cemetery and its associated extension.

As fine and hot weather continued, "D" Company were engaged with the repairing of a path on the edge of the Ancre river and the carrying of Royal Engineer stores. Captain Ronald Maxwell Wood now proceeded for duty with the Staff of the 147th Infantry Brigade as the men of the battalion continued their work in the trenches. With one rank casualty being sustained during the day, one man of the 1/6th West Yorks, Lance-Corporal Edgar James Wilkinson, 1266, D.C.M., was reported as being killed in action. Edgar as recorded earlier in this commemoration, had been awarded the D.C.M. for actions on the Canal Bank north of Ypres on the 19th of November 1915. One of three casualties sustained by the battalion during a period of hostile shelling, Edgar, aged just 19 years, now lies in Authuile Military Cemetery.

"D" Company continued their work along with "A" and "B" Companies who set about the repair and the cleaning up of the trenches however during the course of the day, Second-Lieutenant George Ellison, who had only been with the battalion a few days, was wounded slightly in addition to two O/R's. Of the 1/7th Battalion holding positions in the Salient, Rifleman John Ernest Jones, 3400, of Ashcroft Street, Bramley, Leeds, was unfortunately killed aged 23 years. Joining the Colours almost two years previously and posted to the battalion in June 1915, prior to the war he was employed as a Second Steward on the S.S. Sicily. Denied a known grave, John is now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

Preparations were now made to assist in an attack to be performed by both the 12th Division and the A.N.Z.A.C.'s to the right of the brigade front. As both these divisions were to continue their advances towards Mouquet Farm and enemy trenches in this sector, the 1/8th West Yorkshire's were to assist in a bombing attack, the attack being scheduled to take place at 10.30 p.m. on the 12th of August. Exact details of this bombing demonstration are unclear but as the advance of the 35th Infantry Brigade, 12th Division was held up after making good progress, the 1/8th attacked an enemy strong-point in the line and although not taking the position, the battalion advanced a bombing block some thirty yards along the length of the enemy trench. An analysis of the Commonwealth War Graves Database records that on the 13th, the 1/8th West Yorkshire's losses numbered ten men, two of which are recorded as serving with "B" Company.

Amongst their number was Rifleman Alfred Day, 4371, of 65, Monkton Street, Dewsbury Road, Hunslet, Leeds. Prior to the war, Alfred was employed as a Milling Apprentice at one of the numerous engineering and iron works in the area. Buried in Blighty Valley Cemetery, Authuille Wood, Alfred is also commemorated on the St. Peter's Church War Memorial, Hunslet, Leeds. Rifleman Louis Edwin Todd, 4353 of Primrose Road, Halton, Leeds. Prior to the war, Louis was employed as a Printers Apprentice, aged just 19 years, Louis is now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial in addition to commemorations at St. Mary's Church, Whitkirk, Leeds. Sergeant George William Pemberton, 1918, M.M. George, a married man and a native of Bramley, Leeds, was posthumously awarded the Military Medal in February 1917 (London Gazette dated 19th February 1917). The exact action for which he received the award is unknown at present but one may surmise that his gallantry on the field of battle occurred during one of the numerous engagements with the enemy on the Somme. Commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, George is also remembered in Leeds Parish Church and on the memorial located at Bramley, Leeds.

It was on the 13th that the 1/5th Battalion relieved the 1/7th West Yorkshire's in the Salient. "C" and "D" Companies now moved into the front line, "A" Company were placed in support whilst "B" Company took up positions in reserve. During the evening, the line was subjected to the attentions of enemy trench mortars (minenwerfer) whereupon heavy artillery and trench mortars replied, two men being wounded during the course of the evening's 'hate.' This sudden barrage could have been the precursor to an attempted raid by the enemy and in front of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's it was deemed necessary to inspect the wire. As the moon rose high in the night sky illuminating the forward positions, Lieutenant William Gerald Tetley was hit whilst inspecting the wire, shot through the right shoulder by an alert enemy sentry. Wounded in the head in 1915 whilst serving in the Canal Bank Sector, Ypres, he was indeed lucky to survive once again.

As Lieutenant Terence Patrick McQuaid, the Medical Officer of the 1/5th Battalion was relieved by Captain Robert Briffault M.B., the morning of the 14th of August dawned with the prospect of rain. The men set about their tasks once again of improving and the repairing of trenches as the day turned showery. An entrance to the Headquarters dug-out was also numbered amongst the work details of the day but during the early evening the enemy once again launched a barrage of trench mortars that was duly met by a retaliatory bombardment consisting of mortars and artillery. At 9.30 p.m., a smoke barrage was launched for the duration of thirty minutes to assist in an attack on the right of the divisional boundary however this incurred the full wrath of the enemy who in response intensified their barrage of mortars accompanied by artillery fire. The trench system was now subjected to a veritable maelstrom of shell and mortar round, the 1/6th West Yorkshire's it would appear, bearing the full ferocity of yet another 'hate.' With the trenches in parts being blown to pieces, the 1/5th suffered one casualty wounded, the 1/6th sustaining 6 men.

Amongst their number was Lance-Corporal Raistrick Fuller, 4047, of Windhill, Shipley, employed in the textile industry. His brother, George, a married man, had fallen over a month previously whilst serving with the 1st Bradford "Pals" on the 1st July 1916. Also numbered amongst the fallen was Lance-Corporal Alfred Helliwell, 1752, of Bromet Place, Eccleshill, Bradford, his brother Robert also having been killed on the 1st of July whilst serving with the 1/6th West Yorkshire's. A letter published in the Shipley Times And Express dated Friday the 25th of August 1916 describes the manner of Alfred's death.

"On Saturday, Mr and Mrs Helliwell received the sad intelligence that Lance-Corporal Alfred Helliwell was killed by a trench mortar on the 14th inst. This information was conveyed in a letter from Private F. Brocklehurst (Frederick Trafford Brocklehurst, 2222, of Heaton, Bradford) of the same regiment which read: "I am awfully sorry to inform you that your son Alfred has been killed and I tender you my deepest sympathy in this your second loss within a few weeks. I was friendly with your son, Bob, but in Alfred I have lost one of my best pals. We were together yesterday afternoon laughing and joking and he went back to his company about 4 p.m. Later in the evening we were rather heavily shelled, and one dropped in the midst of Alfred and his companions killing four and wounding three others. Your son was killed instantly & would suffer no pain. The Rev. R. Whincup (Reverend Richard Whincup, Army Chaplains Department, 49th Division) has come up into the trenches and will bury Alfred and his comrades this evening in the neat little graveyard just behind the lines. All the boys join me in wishing that God will give you strength to bear your second terrible bereavement."

The Rev. R. Whincup sent a sympathetic message as follows:- "I am sorry to have to write to you again and give you such very sorrows. In fact, I scarely know how to begin, but it is best to tell you the truth. Your son, Lance-Corporal A. Helliwell, late servant to Colonel C.E. Scott, was killed last night. It is terribly sad for you and your family because this bereavement follows so closely upon the death of your other son out here only six weeks ago. A trench mortar dropped in the very midst of several men, killing five and wounding several others. I went up to the trenches this evening and Captain Oddy ( Temporary Captain James Leslie Oddy) took me to the place where your son was killed and showed me the grave which is not very far from the spot where your dear boy fell and I conducted the burial service. I will endeavour to have a cross with a suitable inscription erected over the grave. We all miss your son very much indeed because he was very well known in the battalion. Personally, I saw a great deal of him because he was connected with the headquarters staff and he treated me with every courtesy and kindness whenever I asked him to do anything for me. I am deeply sorry for you and your family. Your son nobly responded to the call of duty and he has died fighting on behalf of his country."

Alfred Helliwell and Raistrick Fuller were both buried originally buried in Paisley Avenue Cemetery located in the southern aspect of Thiepval Wood, just to the north of Authuille. Exhumed in 1919, both Albert and Raistrick now lie in Lonsdale Cemetery, Aveluy, Somme, for both their brothers, the dignity of a known grave was denied and both Robert and George are therefore now commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.                 


Lonsdale Cemetery, April 2012. Author.

Relief orders had been initially issued for the 146th Infantry Brigade to "side slip" to the Left Divisional Sector and to commence a relief of the 147th Infantry Brigade. As a consequence, the 148th Infantry Brigade would then take over the Right Divisional Sector but these orders were eventually cancelled during the course of the following day.
The 15th of August witnessed further salvoes of enemy trench mortar bombs at intervals throughout the course of the day inviting retaliation on four separate occasions. As the evening drew on and the prospect of rain hung in the air, at 8.50 p.m. the enemy launched a bombing attack. Although the attack was thwarted, his trench mortars caused considerable damage to the trench system held by "C" Company on the left company front, this company spending the remainder of the night repairing the trenches in heavy rain. Whilst this company were repairing the damage, "D" Company put out wire in front of their trenches, no doubt damaged by the barrage of mortars that one would surmise were attempting to blow a gap in the wire defences for a possible enemy raiding party. Casualties to the 1/5th Battalion numbered 1 Other Rank killed and 2 wounded suffering from shell shock. Private Ronald Gibson, 3814, of the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, Kirk Smeaton, Yorkshire, had enlisted at Leeds in June 1915 and was killed at about mid-day during one of the barrages of enemy mortar rounds. Aged 26 years, prior to enlistment he was employed at Askern Colliery, Doncaster, and now lies buried in Authuile Military Cemetery.
On the 16th, the 1/8th West Yorkshire's were relieved by the 1/7th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment of the 143rd Infantry Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division and upon relief proceeded to Martinsart Wood after suffering two men killed the day previously. Also on the 15th, the battalion had lost a most popular officer in one Captain Sydney James Pearson of the "Hermitage," Ampleforth, North Yorkshire, aged 20 years. Educated at Rugby School, Sydney was about to enter on a first term at Oxford to study law but duly enlisted upon the outbreak of the war. A keen sportsman and a follower of the Sinnington Hounds, he succumbed to wounds received some days previously at a Field Ambulance and is now buried at Varennes Military Cemetery.
The 1/7th Warwicks now held a position on the right of the 146th Infantry Brigade, their front extending as far as Aintree Street. With the Warwicks established in their positions, the 146th Brigade now advanced their frontage by over 1000 yards. It is of interest to note that on the 16th, the Warwicks sent out an officers patrol to examine the enemy's wire from map references X.1.a.4.9. - X.1.b.5.9. It was reported that in the most part, the wire was blown to bits and there were gaps in places however some parts were described as strong and high in places and between 15 - 20 yards thick.
Captain Charles Ellis Foulds had now returned to the 1/5th Battalion the day previously from hospital no doubt with a warm welcome being provided by the lads from Wetherby. A fine day was in prospect and in the sector in general, the enemy remained relatively quiet enabling the men to continue their work in repairing the trenches and putting out wire. Casualties despite the day being reported as "quiet" numbered 3 Other Ranks wounded (shell shock), 3 Other Ranks wounded and one man killed. Private Nathan Graham, 202524, had enlisted at Ripon into the 1st Garrison Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment in early November 1914. A resident of Thornthwaite, Darley, the Leeds Mercury dated the 24th of October 1916 reported that he had been killed by a sniper and Nathan now lies in Authuile Military Cemetery. Lance-Corporal Alfred Laycock, 2668, of the 1/6th West Yorkshire's had also fallen. Alfred, a native of Bradford and a married man, he now lies in "Peace Perfect Peace" in Blighty Valley Cemetery.
An enemy aircraft was observed by the 1/7th Warwicks coming down in flames over the lines in the sector on the 17th but it was early on the morning that the 1/5th West Yorkshire's suffered the loss of a most valuable officer. Second-Lieutenant William Charles Seager Prest, the Battalion Bombing Officer. Joining the 5th Cavalry Reserve upon the outbreak of the war at York, he received his commission into the West Yorkshire Regiment on the 6th of July 1915. (London Gazette dated the 17th of July 1915). Wounded on the 7th of July, he was shot by a sniper whilst in the trenches. The Yorkshire Post dated the 24th of August records that in a letter sent to his aunt, Colonel Bousfield remarked (he) "had done supremely well since he joined the regiment and was muched liked by officers and men. The Colonel was personally very fond of him, and found much in his character to admire, he being full of strength and determination." Second-Lieutenant Prest now lies in Authuile Military Cemetery.
Relief From The Salient: Training For Operations
Now ever mindful of enemy sniper activity, the men kept watch. Later in the day, two enemy snipers revealed themselves, one being hit and killed instantly, the fate of the other being unknown. As night fell, a reconnaisance of the enemy lines was carried out in an attempt to secure indentification of the German unit opposite. Although unsuccessful, useful intelligence revealed that at least at night, the enemy did not occupy has forward posts, an attractive opportunity no doubt for a potential raid. This however was not to be performed by the West Yorkshire's as on the following day the 1/5th Battalion were relieved by the 1st Battalion, Wiltshire's of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 25th Division. The battalion then proceeded by route of march to the pleasant surroundings of Acheux Wood on the Albert - Doullens Road ( near Acheux-en-Amienois) along with the 1/7th Battalion who had subsequently been relieved by the 10th Cheshire's also of the 7th Infantry Brigade respectively. The 1/6th along with the 1/8th West Yorkshire's who would also be relieved by units of the 7th Brigade however proceeded upon relief to Lealvillers south-west of Acheux. In addition to the infantry, both the 146th Machine Gun Company and the Trench Mortar Brigade were also relieved, both these units also proceeding to Acheux Wood with 49th Divisional Headquarters being established in Acheux village.
As companies of the 1/5th Battalion set about checking equipment and stores, their sister battalions also began a series of inspections and "interior economy." Second-Lieutenants George Norman Baines and Noel Goddard Terry joined the battalion from England on the 19th whilst on the following day, the men had the chance of a welcome bath and clean clothing was obtained and issued. Although the men were deemed to be at 'rest,' High Command had issued orders for a further offensive operation to be conducted in the Thiepval Sector and to this end a Divisional Conference was held on Sunday the 20th of August to discuss the aforementioned 'operation.'
Training commenced on the 21st however 160 men were detached from the 146th Brigade and assigned to the 2/1st Company, Royal Engineers for duties, Captain Charles Ellis Foulds and 10 men per company of the 1/5th Battalion forming part of this Brigade Composite Company that was temporarily attached. On the 22nd, Second-Lieutenants William Jeffkins Holdich and Terence Dermott Cole Gilsenan joined the battalion from England as training continued in bayonet fighting, close and extended order drill and the continuation of specialist training. A 'Flagged Course' was duly constructed at Lealvillers consisting of 'tapes' representing enemy trenches to assist in the training programme. On the 23rd, both the 1/6th and the 1/8th Battalions, West Yorkshire Regiment, practiced a simulated attack over the trenches, the latter representing the enemy trench system near St. Pierre Divion, this 'attack' being observed by Headquarters and Company Commanders of the 1/5th Battalion. The simulation was repeated again on the following day assisted by men of both "A" and "B" Companies of the 1/5th as both "C" and "D" Companies respectively continued their programme of training. At 2.15 p.m., an inspection commenced by the Medical Officer, Captain Briffault R.A.M.C. of men whose names had been submitted by Company Commanders who were deemed to be unfit for general service with the battalion. Upon completion of this inspection, a roll was compiled to be sent forward to higher command recommending that these men continue their military service with a Labour Battalion. Possibly to offset this downturn in strength, 32 Other Ranks joined the 1/5th from the 1/6th Battalion. As they are recorded in the War Diary as "32 OR of 1/5th Battn." one can only presume that either these men had been on attachment or it was in fact an inter-battalion draft, not an uncommon occurrence in the weeks and months previously.
Operation Orders were now issued for an impending move back to the Thiepval Sector to prepare for forthcoming operations and as a consequence, on the 26th of August, the 1/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment (in Brigade), proceeded by route of march at 10 a.m. to Forceville. With dinner taken at the latter place, the battalion continued their march accompanied by the 1/7th Battalion, 146th Machine Gun Company and the 146th Trench Mortar Battery to Hedauville where they waited in the grounds of the Chateau de Hedauville in heavy rain until further orders were received. Upon receipt of orders, the 1/5th Battalion now proceeded to commence a relief of the 11th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, 74th Infantry Brigade, 25th Division, the relief commencing at about 5 p.m. and being completed without incident at about 10.45 p.m.
Commemoration Under Construction