Wetherby War Memorial - The Great War 1914 - 1918

Private William Pawson

Introduction
Gunter, R B N
Durrant, C M
Weston, C G
Kelly, K G
Armitage, G J
Durrant, H M L
Hargreaves, J P
March, G
Dukes, W
Fowler, R
Westerman, H
Kirk, J C
Wiggins, T A
Telford, G
Harper, J W
Alexander, H W
Mason, T F
Wilkinson, W
Brown, C
Adkin, J
Barton, F
Hobman, A
Webster, A E
March, E A
Miller, G
Hannan, E
Utley, G
Walker, F
Bygrave, E W
Chapman, E
Varley, N W
Bowen, F J
Byrom, F
Backhouse, S
Dalby, M
Crossland, A
Crossley, J S
Dean, R
Frost, A E
Hodgson, F H
Holt, J
Hood, W H
Hill, W
Kitchen, T
Linfoot, E
Metcalfe, J C
Marsden, J
Pawson, W
Precious, G
Scutt, T G
Shields,P
Wiggins, J
Walker, E
Wood, A
Young, T
Pratt, W
Taylor, H
Dawson, G W
Lister, J
Binge, T
Atack, G
Durham, E F
Precious, G R
Wheelhouse Smith, W
Backhouse, H
Swann, J W
Burnsides, G A
Coles, W
Kelly, H W
Miles, J G
Tapsell, K
Acknowledgements
Dardanelles

11889
9th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment
Died 9th August 1915

Cemetery : Helles Memorial, Gallipoli
Grave Reference or Panel Number : Panel 47 to 51

Believed to be the son of Benjamin and Betsy Pawson, of North Street, Wetherby.
 
William was born at Wetherby in 1893 however Soldiers Died In The Great War states Spofforth, to parents Benjamin, occupation, Plate Layer employed by the North Eastern Railway Company, and Betsy Pawson.
The 1911 Census records that William is residing with his parents, occupation being recorded as that of a Gardener, employed by a Gentleman. No precise information can be found to corroborate the information included in SDGW that states place of birth as Spofforth.
 
Recruitment & Attestation
 
William we can be sure for certain, attested for service at Wetherby Town Hall on or about the 31st August 1914. The terms of his enlistment were that of a Short Service obligation, i.e., three years with the Colours however it was stated that if the War was to last longer than three years, the recruit would be retained until the cessation of hostilities.
As the men waited to enlist, Army protocol dictated that had the prospective recruit received Notice and understood its meaning and who gave the Notice to them. On confirmation by the potential recruit, Army Form B. 2065 was at first signed by Rowland Meyrick, the issuer of the Notice before recruitment could commence. The latter had proved to be very brisk, principally due to the efforts of a number of individuals, but it was Mr. Rowland Meyrick of Hall Orchards, a Land Agent for the Montague estates that was the major protagonist encouraging many a young Wetherby man to "take the King's shilling."
A newspaper article dated September 1914 provides an insight as to his activities as an Unpaid Recruitment Officer;
 
"Day and night he worked with the greatest enthusiasm and wherever young men were, in the cottage, in the harvest field and street, there he was to be found, exercising his persuasive powers and the young men answered nobly to his call.
Some men at first however, had their reservations on joining the Colours;
One young fellow, anxious to enlist, was troubled about throwing up his work and he went to Mr. Meyrick. Would he guarantee him work when he returned home? The answer was thoroughly satisfactory, and the young fellow is probably now clad in khaki. That is the way to get recruits."
 
Concerns prior to enlistment were also raised for the soldiers dependants, therefore, Wetherby Steeplechase Committee made the following offer to both stimulate and encourage recruitment. A further newspaper article also dated September 1914 declared;
 
"The Wetherby Steeplechase Committee have announced that they will give 1 shilling a week each to the wives of men who have joined the Colours, and any others volunteering in the town, in order to augment the Army allowance while they are on service."
 
Agreeing that he now understood the terms of his engagement, William now declared that all his answers to questions declared on the Army Form were true and that he was willing to fulfill the engagements made. On signing the document, this was witnessed by John McEvitt, a former soldier who had served with the 1st battalion, Connaught Rangers and a veteran of the Boer War. Former Colour Sergeant McEvitt in civilian life was the Caretaker of the Conservative Club located in the Market Place, who, although recorded in the 1911 Census as an Army Pensioner, fulfilled the roll of Acting Recruitment Sergeant.
A preliminary medical examination was now conducted by Lieutenant Harry Winstanley Shadwell of the Royal Army Medical Corps to determine vital statistics; height, weight expansion of the chest etc. Deemed 'fit' as the vast majority of men were at this early stage of enlistment, the final signature that would approve the man for military service was that of the Approving Officer, 14th Recruiting Area, Colonel Harold P. Ditmas, late Durham Royal Garrison Artillery (Militia).
That final signature would witness over forty-five recruits from the locality joining the ranks of the fledgeling 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, the first Service battalion of the Regiment to be raised as a response to the outbreak of the Great War.
In the first week of September, the men prior to leaving for the Regimental Depot located at York, were entertained to a dinner by the townsfolk of Wetherby. After the event and bidding their farewells, the men of 'Kitchener's Army' were conveyed to York in a fleet of motor-cars amidst what was described as "much scenes of jubilation and enthusiasm."
Of the men, many would never return.
 
Formation Of The Battalion
 
The 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment was formed at York on the 25th August 1914 and designated a K 1 Battalion as formed under Lord Kitchener's first 'Call to Arms,' an appeal for 100,000 men to join the Army for 3 years or for the duration of the War between the ages of 19 and 30 years. The Battalion were contained in the 11th (Northern) Division, a New Army Division which was formed under Army Order No. 324 published on the 21st August 1914.
This order approved of the addition to the Army of six divisions; the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th respectively.
The 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, Officer Commanding, Lieutenant-Colonel George Frend (attached from the 3rd Battalion, West Yorkshire's), were to form part of the 32nd Infantry Brigade that also comprised of the following units;
 
6th (Service) Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment (Green Howards)
6th (Service) Battalion, Yorks & Lancs Regiment
8th (Service) Battalion, West Riding Regiment (Duke of Wellington's)
 
Brigade Commander   Brigadier-General Henry Haggard
Divisional Commander   Major-General Frederick Hammersley C.B.
 
Training
 
Basic training ensued for the recruits from Wetherby at the Regimental Depot where they soon became accustomed to the vagaries of life in the British Army. Possibly the first 'blow' to patriotic 'fervour' was the issuing of a Serial Number to each man, an individual in civilian life but now a number throughout his service in the Army. It is of interest to note that the numbers issued to the recruits from Wetherby follow no alphabetical sequence as is sometimes the case. An analysis therefore conducted of this specific batch of numbers issued reveals that proceeding William the number 11888 was allocated to one Arthur Kinghorn. Arthur, a Labourer and residing in premises at Victoria Street, was a time expired soldier who had served with the 5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, the forerunner of the 1/5th Battalion. He attested for service at Wetherby Town Hall like so many young men on the 31st August 1914 aged 34 years but was to be discharged in October of the same year for reasons which will be examined later during the course of this commemoration. The number issued following on from William, 11890, was allocated to Laurence Nightingale, a native of Pannal, near Harrogate. Employed by George Gunter of Wetherby as a Jockey, 'Laurie' was to be wounded on the Peninsula but would survive the War.
 
York at this juncture with the Depot processing more men that had answered the 'Call to Arms' was now fit to bursting point with men. Therefore a move to larger training facilities located at Belton Park near Grantham, Lincolnshire, was initiated in September by the 9th West Yorkshire's where they were joined by the remainder of the Brigade and Division.
Following this movement, a second medical examination more thorough than that which had taken place on Attestation was conducted in mid October. Many men were discharged either having being to be found medically unfit with conditions ranging from chronic bronchitis to a hernia, or, just a lack of general ability. The latter men in Army 'parlance' were "Discharged not being likely to become an efficient soldier," their departure being confirmed by the Adjutant, Captain Alexander Geary-Smith. An analysis of Army Pension Records reveal that of the men who enlisted at Wetherby Town Hall in August, 6 were medically discharged who had a direct link to the town in addition to one man from Kirk Deighton. Some of these discharged men would eventually serve in some military capacity as the War progressed.
 
The winter of 1914 and the spring of 1915 were most notably wet resulting in the camp at Belton turning into a veritable quagmire. By the end of February, all ranks had been issued 1914 Pattern equipment, made under contract in the United States and despite the constraints of the weather the training programme proceeded apace.
By late March orders had been issued warning of an impending move away from Lincolnshire. On the 5th April 1915, the 9th West Yorkshire's in Brigade and Division were ordered to entrain at Rugby, the destination being Witley Camp near Godalming, Surrey. Departing Belton Park on this date, the Brigade in Division proceeded by route of march via Scalford, Thrussington and Whetstone reaching Rugby on the 8th. Here the 32nd Infantry Brigade entrained during the following day after an eventful march. An account of this may be found in the Green Howards In The Great War by H.C. Wylly. 'The Optimist' as the recorder of these events is referred to writes;
 
"Our march on Wednesday took us through Leicester where the Division was accorded a really wonderful reception; all work was suspended and the streets were lined by an enthusiastic and cheering multitude who showered all kinds of gifts on the troops."
 
Settling into their new surroundings 'The Optimist' remarked that the change of weather and that of the scenery was most welcome. He also noted that the extensive heathland and commons so characteristic of the area proved more conducive for military manoeuvres as the men were about to experience.
The camp at Witley consisted at this stage of the War primarily of tented accommodation with a few huts present but the camp would rapidly expand and become more permanent as the conflict progressed.
On the 1st May 1915, the 11th (Northern) Division played host to two most distinguished visitors, namely His Majesty the King who was also accompanied by Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War. After inspecting the men, the following Divisional Order was issued an extract of which is quoted in Wylly's History;
 
"His Majesty the King has desired the G.O.C. to convey to the troops his appreciation of the splendid appearance and steadiness of the men on parade yesterday. His Majesty also remarked on the good condition of the horses. Finally His Majesty said to the G.O.C., "It has been a very great pleasure to me to see such a splendid body of men, and I desire you to so inform the troops."
 
The month of May would also witness a change in command of the Battalion when Colonel Frend was replaced by another officer from the ranks of the 3rd Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel John O'Brien Minogue. An experienced officer who had risen through the ranks, Minogue had served with a variety of regiments during the course of his service career however the Colonel did possess an affiliation to the West Yorkshire Regiment dating back to 1893.
Towards the end of June there must have been rumours of an impending move to active service circulating as the American equipment previously issued to the men was replaced by the British made 1908 Pattern Webbing. Suspicions were no doubt aroused further when all the men were issued with khaki drill and helmets of the 'Foreign Service' variety, the latter also referred to as the 'Pagri.'
William and the men of the West Yorkshire's were soon to have their suspicions confirmed when orders were issued to the 32nd Infantry Brigade at 3 p.m. on the afternoon of the 31st June 1915 to prepare for entrainment the following day. The destination, as yet unknown to the men, was to be the Dardanelles.
For a comprehensive account of the actions of the 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment during the Dardanelles Campaign, the reader may wish to follow this link:

Dardanelles

William would not survive his first action as a soldier of the British Army in common with many of the local men who had enlisted in the ranks of the 9th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment. Unfortunately William's body like so many of his comrades who fell on the Peninsula could not be identified after the conflict, therefore he is now commemorated on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.
 
Helles Memorial
 
The Helles Memorial, an obelisk standing over 30 metres in height, is situated on the tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula with commanding views over the Dardanelles Straits.
The memorial is one of a dual function, i.e. providing a memorial for those Commonwealth servicemen who died and have no known grave and that of a Commonwealth battle memorial for the Dardanelles Campaign.
Of the Indian and United Kingdom forces commemorated on the memorial, the latter died throughout the Peninsula, the Australians who are now commemorated here, at Helles. Panels are also incorporated to commemorate those who died or were buried at sea in the waters surrounding Gallipoli. In this imposing position and remembering the sacrifices of those who served in the Campaign, the memorial now commemorates over 21,000 individuals.
In addition to the Helles Memorial, four further memorials commemorate the Missing of the Dardanelles Campaign. Hill 60, Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair memorials commemorate Australian and New Zealand forces at Anzac whilst Twelve Tree Copse Memorial commemorates New Zealanders at Helles. In the United Kingdom, the following memorials commemorate United Kingdom naval casualties lost or buried at sea; Plymouth, Portsmouth and Chatham respectively.

Pawsonwebsite.JPG
Extract Of Panels 47 - 51. Photograph Courtesy Of Bob Pike.
HellesMemorial.jpg
Helles Memorial. Image Courtesy Of The Commonwealth War Graves Commission.